OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: George I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2005
  • pp: 2138–2143

Optical properties of infrared femtosecond laser-modified fused silica and application to waveguide fabrication

Arnaud Zoubir, Martin Richardson, Lionel Canioni, Arnaud Brocas, and Laurent Sarger  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 22, Issue 10, pp. 2138-2143 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (244 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We investigate the changes in the optical properties of fused silica exposed to intense infrared femtosecond pulses. The laser-induced absorption spectrum reveals the creation of color centers inside the glass matrix, comparable with those observed in ultraviolet-exposed fused silica. The laser-induced absorption is associated with a laser-induced refractive-index change, which can be used for waveguide fabrication. The change in third-order susceptibility in such waveguides is measured by third-harmonic-generation microscopy as a function of the irradiation parameters.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials

ToC Category:

Arnaud Zoubir, Martin Richardson, Lionel Canioni, Arnaud Brocas, and Laurent Sarger, "Optical properties of infrared femtosecond laser-modified fused silica and application to waveguide fabrication," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2138-2143 (2005)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. Zoubir, M. Richardson, C. Rivero, A. Schulte, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, N. Hô, and R. Vallée, "Direct femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in As2S3 thin films," Opt. Lett. 29, 748-750 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Homoelle, S. Wielandy, A. L. Gaeta, N. F. Borrelli, and C. Smith, "Infrared photosensitivity in silica glasses exposed to femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 24, 1311-1313 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Streltsov and N. F. Borrelli, "Fabrication and analysis of a directional coupler written in glass by nanojoule femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 26, 42-43 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Zoubir, C. Lopez, M. Richardson, and K. Richardson, "Femtosecond laser fabrication of tubular waveguides in poly(methyl methacrylate)," Opt. Lett. 29, 1840-1842 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with stigmatically shaped beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559-1567 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, "Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics," Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Kajihara, Y. Ikuta, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, "Power dependence of defect formation in SiO2 glass by F2 laser irradiation," Opt. Lett. 81, 3164-3166 (2002).
  8. L. Dong, J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, P. St. J. Russell, and D. N. Payne, "Photoinduced absorption change in germanosilicate performs: evidence for the color-center model of photosensitivity," Appl. Opt. 34, 3436-3440 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. K. M. Davis, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. O. M. Efimov, K. Gabel, S. V. Garnov, L. B. Glebov, S. Grantham, M. Richardson, and M. J. Soileau, "Color-center generation in silicate glasses exposed to infrared femtosecond pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 193-199 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. A. M. Streltsov and N. F. Borrelli, "Study of femtosecond-laser-written waveguides in glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2496-2504 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. M. A. Stevens-Kalceff, A. Stesmans, and J. Wong, "Defects induced in fused silica by high fluence ultraviolet laser pulses at 355 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 758-760 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Lin, V. A. Mashkov, and R. G. Leisure, "Multiple interconversions of the E′ and oxygen-hole defect centers in high-purity amorphous silica during anneal-interrupted x irradiation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1605-1608 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. M. A. Stevens-Kalceff, "Micromodification of silicon dioxide in a variable pressure/environmental scanning electron microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3050-3052 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. L. Skuja, "The origin of the intrinsic 1.9 eV luminescence band in glassy SiO2," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 51-69 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. N. Leclerc, C. Pfleiderer, H. Hitzler, J. Wolfrum, K.-O. Greulich, S. Thomas, H. Fabian, R. Takke, and W. Englisch, "Transient 210-nm absorption in fused silica induced by high-power UV laser irradiation," Opt. Lett. 16, 940-942 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Mohanty, N. C. Mishra, S. V. Bhat, P. K. Basu, and D. Kanjilal, "Dense electronic excitation induced defects in fused silica," J. Phys. D 36, 3151-3155 (2003). [CrossRef]
  18. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides, Optics and Photonics Series (Academic, 2000).
  19. G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, and C. T. Seaton, "Third order nonlinear integrated optics," J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953-970 (1988). [CrossRef]
  20. D. N. Christodoulides and E. D. Eugenieva, "Blocking and routing discrete solitons in two-dimensional networks of nonlinear waveguide arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 233901 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. Pertsch, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, J. Burghoff, M. Will, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, "Discrete diffraction in two-dimensional arrays of coupled waveguides in silica," Opt. Lett. 29, 468-470 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. Brocas, L. Canioni, and L. Sarger, "Efficient selection of focusing optics in non linear microscopy design through THG analysis," Opt. Express 12, 2317-2326 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. Barille, L. Canioni, L. Sarger, and G. Rivoire, "Nonlinearity measurements of thin films by third-harmonic-generation microscopy," Phys. Rev. E 66, 67602-1-67602-4 (2002). [CrossRef]
  24. J. W. Chan, T. Huser, S. Risbud, and D. M. Krol, "Structural changes in fused silica after exposure to focused femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 26, 1726-1728 (2001). [CrossRef]
  25. K. A. Cerqua-Richardson, J. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. (Amsterdam, Neth.) 10, 155-159 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited