We investigate the antenna characteristics of a metal tip coupled to terahertz (THz) pulses generated from a photoconductive switch. Enhanced terahertz pulse emission is observed with the metal tip in contact with one of the electrodes of the photoconductive switch. Measurements of the angular dependence of the emitted THz radiation show that the metal tip acts as a highly directional antenna with radiation patterns well described by the theory for long-wire traveling-wave antennas. Similar behavior is observed for the metal tip acting as a THz pulse receiver, in accordance with the reciprocity principle. Effects related to the broadband nature of the THz pulses are discussed.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(180.5810) Microscopy : Scanning microscopy
(230.7020) Optical devices : Traveling-wave devices
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(300.6270) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, far infrared
(350.4010) Other areas of optics : Microwaves
Markus Walther, Geoffrey S. Chambers, Zhigang Liu, Mark R. Freeman, and Frank A. Hegmann, "Emission and detection of terahertz pulses from a metal-tip antenna," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2357-2365 (2005)