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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 22, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2005
  • pp: 2581–2595

Analytical modeling and an experimental investigation of two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers: defect state (microcavity) versus band-edge state (distributed feedback) structures

Xavier Letartre, Christelle Monat, Christian Seassal, and Pierre Viktorovitch  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 22, Issue 12, pp. 2581-2595 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.22.002581


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Abstract

We investigate the two families of two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers that are classified according to the approach used for the lateral confinement of the light (via trapping photons in a microcavity or via slowing down optical modes at an extreme of the dispersion characteristics), with a special emphasis on the characteristics of devices below and at laser threshold. The respective merits and drawbacks of the two families are analyzed in the light of an analytical modeling and of experimental results obtained on a variety of microlaser devices. The latter are processed in an InP-membrane heterostructure bounded onto silica on silicon. Promising prospects, which are expected from the combination of the two confinement approaches, are discussed.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.5990) Integrated optics : Semiconductors
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics
(250.5300) Optoelectronics : Photonic integrated circuits
(270.3430) Quantum optics : Laser theory

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Citation
Xavier Letartre, Christelle Monat, Christian Seassal, and Pierre Viktorovitch, "Analytical modeling and an experimental investigation of two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers: defect state (microcavity) versus band-edge state (distributed feedback) structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2581-2595 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-22-12-2581


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References

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  18. Cavity-confined slow Bloch modes (CSBMs), which are localized modes, show up whenever photons related to the extreme at the Gamma point are left enough time to explore the boundaries of the cavity before being lost through optical loss or absorption processes or both. If, on the contrary, the SBM lifetime tauM is too short, the CSBMs are degenerated and merge into the SBM (which behaves like a delocalized mode); in this case the free spectral range of the CSBM is smaller than the spectral widening or bandwidth (almost = to 1/tauM) of the SBM mode.

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