OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2005
  • pp: 369–377

White-light filaments for multiparameter analysis of cloud microphysics

Riad Bourayou, Guillaume Méjean, Jérôme Kasparian, Miguel Rodriguez, Estelle Salmon, Jin Yu, Holger Lehmann, Bringfried Stecklum, Uwe Laux, Jochen Eislöffel, Alexander Scholz, Artie P. Hatzes, Roland Sauerbrey, Ludger Wöste, and Jean-Pierre Wolf  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 22, Issue 2, pp. 369-377 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.22.000369


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (353 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a lidar technique using femtosecond-terawatt laser pulses to perform a multiparameter analysis of cloud microphysics. Particle size and density within the cloud are deduced from the multispectral multiple scattering pattern of an ultrashort laser pulse. Furthermore, the spectral analysis of the atmospheric transmission of the white-light continuum from the same laser source yields temperature and relative humidity.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(260.5950) Physical optics : Self-focusing
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects

Citation
Riad Bourayou, Guillaume Méjean, Jérôme Kasparian, Miguel Rodriguez, Estelle Salmon, Jin Yu, Holger Lehmann, Bringfried Stecklum, Uwe Laux, Jochen Eislöffel, Alexander Scholz, Artie P. Hatzes, Roland Sauerbrey, Ludger Wöste, and Jean-Pierre Wolf, "White-light filaments for multiparameter analysis of cloud microphysics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 369-377 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-22-2-369


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. R. Pruppacher and J. D. Klett, Microphysics of Clouds and Precipitation (Reidel, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1978).
  2. R. M. Measures, Laser Remote Sensing - Fundamental and Applications (Wiley Interscience, New York, 1984).
  3. B. Stein, M. Del Guasta, J. Kolenda, M. Morandi, P. Rairoux, L. Stefanutti, J. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "Stratospheric aerosol size distribution from multispectral lidar measurements at Sodankylä during EASOE," Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 1311-1314 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. D. M. Winker and M. P. McCormick, "Aerosol and cloud sensing with the Lidar In-space Technology Experiment (LITE)," in Lidar Techniques for Remote Sensing, C. Weiner, ed., Proc. SPIE 2310, 98-105 (1994). [CrossRef]
  5. S. R. Pal and A. I. Carswell, "Multiple scattering in atmospheric clouds: lidar observations," Appl. Opt. 15, 1990-1995 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. S. Ryan, S. R. Pal, and A. I. Carswell, "Laser backscattering from dense water-droplet clouds," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 60-67 (1979). [CrossRef]
  7. L. R. Bissonnette and D. L. Hutt, "Multiply scattered aerosol lidar returns: inversion method and comparison with in-situ measurements," Appl. Opt. 34, 6959-6975 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. R. Bissonnette, "Multiple-scattering lidar equation," Appl. Opt. 35, 6449-6465 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. A. Ferrare, E. V. Brownell, S. Ismail, V. G. Brackett, M. B. Clayton, M. Fenn, L. Heilman, S. A. Kooi, D. D. Turner, M. J. Mahoney, R. E. Newell, Y. Zhu, E. Jensen, J. Barrick, and G. Sachse, "Lidar measurements of relative humidity and ice supersaturation in the upper troposphere," presented at the International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France, July 10-14, 2000.
  10. S. Ismail and E. V. Browell, "Airborne and spaceborne lidar measurements of water vapor profiles: a sensitivity analysis," Appl. Opt. 28, 3603-3615 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Ehret, C. Liemle, W. Renger, and G. Simmet, "Airborne remote sensing of tropospheric water vapor with a near-infrared differential absorption lidar system," Appl. Opt. 32, 4534-4551 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Flamant, J. Pelon, L. Eymard, and J. Tournadre, "SSM/I integrated water vapor content measurements in coastal regions: a comparison with shipborne and airborne remote sensing measurements, radiosonde measurements, and NWP model retrievals," J. Geophys. Res. 108(C3), FET4-1-20 (2003).
  13. L. Garand, E. Gerard, D. Tan, V. Wulfmeyer, G. Ehret, and P. Di Girolamo, "WALES (Water Vapour Lidar Experiment in Space): impact of space borne measurements on NWP and climate research," in Proceedings of Twenty-First International Laser Radar Conference , Vol. 2, pp. 755-758.
  14. A. Heliere, J. L. Bezy, P. Bensi, and P. Ingmann, "System definition of the ESA Earth Explorer WALES mission," in Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites VI, H. Fujisada, J. B. Lurie, M. L. Aten, and K. Weber, eds., Proc. SPIE 4881, 24-32 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. A. J. Wimmers, J. L. Moody, E. V. Browell, J. W. Hair, W. B. Grant, C. F. Butler, M. A. Fenn, C. C. Schmidt, J. Li, and B. A. Ridley, "Signatures of tropopause folding in satellite imagery," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D4), 8360 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. D. D. Turner, R. A. Ferrare, L. A. Heilman, and T. P. Tooman, "A two year climatology of water vapor and aerosols in the lower troposphere measured by a Raman lidar," presented at the International Laser Radar Conference, Vichy, France, July 10-14, 2000.
  17. J. Bösenberg, "Measurements of the pressure shift of water vapor absorption lines by simultaneous photoacoustic spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 24, 3531-3534 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Douard, R. Bacis, P. Rambaldi, A. Ross, J.-P. Wolf, G. Fabre, and R. Stringat, "Fourier-transform lidar," Opt. Lett. 20, 2140-2142 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. F. A. Theopold, C. Weitkamp, and W. Michaelis, "Double-cavity étalon in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 18, 253-255 (1993). [CrossRef]
  20. C. R. Philbrick, "Application of Raman lidar advancements in meteorology and air quality monitoring," in Lidar Remote Sensing for Industry and Environment Monitoring III, U. N. Singh, T. Itabe, and Z. Liu, eds., Proc. SPIE 4893, 61-69 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. G. Pappalardo, A. Amodeo, S. Amoruso, V. Cuomo, P. Di Girolamo, F. Esposito, L. Leone, L. Mona, M. Pandolfi, G. Pavese, R. Restieri, and C. Serio, "Measurement campaign of atmospheric water vapor and aerosols in southern Italy," in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Clouds III, H.-L. Huang, D. Lu, and Y. Sasane, eds., Proc. SPIE 4891, 353-360 (2003). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, 73-75 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. E. T. J. Nibbering, P. F. Curley, G. Grillon, B. S. Prade, M. A. Franco, F. Salin, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Conical emission from self-guided femtosecond pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 21, 62-64 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, "Moving focus in the propagation of ultrashort laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 22, 304-306 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Dynamic spatial replenishment of femtosecond pulses propagating in air," Opt. Lett. 23, 382-384 (1998). [CrossRef]
  26. N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, "Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143901 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, L. Bergé, and S. Skupin, "UV-supercontinuum generated by kilometer-range filamentation in air," Phys. Rev. Lett., submitted for publication.
  28. J. Kasparian, R. Sauerbrey, D. Mondelain, S. Niedermeier, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, Y.-B. André, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, M. Rodriguez, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, "Infrared extension of the supercontinuum generated by fs-TW-laser pulses propagating in the atmosphere," Opt. Lett. 25, 1397-1399 (2000). [CrossRef]
  29. L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, Ch. Werner, S. Niedermeier, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, "Femtosecond atmospheric lamp," Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).
  30. P. Rairoux, H. Schillinger, S. Niedermeier, M. Rodriguez, F. Ronneberger, R. Sauerbrey, B. Stein, D. Waite, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, and L. Wöste, "Remote sensing of the atmosphere using ultrashort laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 71, 573-580 (2000). [CrossRef]
  31. J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J.-P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, "Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar," Appl. Phys. B 77, 357-359 (2003). [CrossRef]
  33. G. G. Matvienko, V. V. Veretennikov, G. M. Krekov, and M. M. Krekova, "Remote sensing of atmospheric aerosols with a white-light femtosecond lidar," Atmos. Oceanic Opt. 16, 1013-1019 (2003).
  34. H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "Teramobile: a mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
  35. M. C. Galvez, M. Fujita, N. Inoue, R. Moriki, Y. Izawa, and C. Yamanaka, "Three-wavelength backscatter measurement of clouds and aerosols using a white light lidar system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 41, L284-L286 (2002). [CrossRef]
  36. J. Yu, D. Mondelain, G. Ange, R. Volk, S. Niedermeier, J.-P. Wolf, J. Kasparian, and R. Sauerbrey, "Backward supercontinuum emission from a filament generated by ultrashort laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 26, 533-535 (2001). [CrossRef]
  37. M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range non-linear propagation of fs laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E (to be published).
  38. H. Lehmann, "The 2m telescope," http://www.tls-tautenburg.de/telesc.html.
  39. H. Lehmann, "Coudé Echelle Spectrograph," http://www.tls-tautenburg.de/coude/echelle_spectrograph.html.
  40. T. Back and H. Schwefel, "An overview of evolutionary algorithms for parameter optimization," Evol. Comput. 1, 1-23 (1993). [CrossRef]
  41. O. B. Toon and T. P. Ackerman, "Algorithms for the calculation of scattering by stratified spheres," Appl. Opt. 20, 3657-3660 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. A. V. Korolev, G. A. Isaac, I. P. Mazin, and H. W. Barker, "Microphysical properties of continental clouds from in situ measurements," Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 127, 2117-2151 (2001).
  43. N. L. Miles, J. Verlinde, and E. E. Clothiaux, "Cloud droplet size distributions in low-level stratiform clouds," J. Atmos. Sci. 57, 295 (2000). [CrossRef]
  44. L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. Vander Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, "The HITRAN Molecular Spectroscopic Database: Edition of 2000 Including Updates of 2001," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 82, 5-44 (2003). [CrossRef]
  45. G. Mégie, "Mesure de la pression et de la température atmosphériques par absorption différentielle lidar: influence de la largeur d'émission laser," Appl. Opt. 19, 34-43 (1980). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited