A semiclassical dynamic theory of the nonlinear propagation of a few interacting intense light pulses is applied to study the nonlinear counterpropagation of amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) induced by three-photon absorption of short intense laser pulses in a chromophore solution. Several important results from the modeling are reached for the ASE process developing in the regime of strong saturation. Accounting for ASE in both forward and backward directions with respect to the pump pulse results in a smaller efficiency of nonlinear conversion for the forward ASE compared with the case in which forward emission is considered alone, something that results from the partial repump of the absorbed energy to the backward ASE component; the overall efficiency is nevertheless higher than for the forward emission considered alone. The efficiency of nonlinear conversion of the pump energy to the counterpropagating ASE pulses is strongly dependent on the concentration of active molecules so that a particular combination of concentration versus cell length optimizes the conversion coefficient. Under certain specified conditions, the ASE effect is found to be oscillatory; the origin of oscillations is dynamical competition between stimulated emission and off-resonant absorption. This result can be considered one of the possible explanations of the temporal fluctuations of the forward ASE pulse [Nature 415, 767 (2002)].
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors
Alexander Baev, Viktor Kimberg, Sergey Polyutov, Faris Gel'mukhanov, and Hans Ågren, "Bidirectional description of amplified spontaneous emission induced by three-photon absorption," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 385-393 (2005)