The kinetics of photosensitive polymer holographic recording materials are examined assuming a material that exhibits nonideal kinetic behavior. Previously, a linear relationship between monomer concentration and polymerization was assumed when deriving the nonlocal polymer-driven diffusion (NPDD) model. This is consistent with ideal kinetic conditions in which chain termination is governed by a bimolecular process. However, these models have been reported to disagree with experimental results. In a limiting case of nonideal kinetics it is assumed that primary termination is dominant. In this case the NPDD model must be modified to incorporate a quadratic relationship between the monomer concentration and the polymerization rate. By use of a multiharmonic expansion method of solution the predictions of ideal (bimolecular or linear) and nonideal (primary or quadratic) kinetic models are compared. By using these models we carried out numerical fits to experimental growth curves of gratings recorded in an acrylamide-based cross-linked photopolymer system. Superior fits are achieved by use of the primary termination model. Physical parameters such as the diffusion constant are extracted and compared with results previously reported in the literature.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
John V. Kelly, Feidhlim T. O'Neill, John T. Sheridan, Cristian Neipp, Sergi Gallego, and Manuel Ortuno, "Holographic photopolymer materials: nonlocal polymerization-driven diffusion under nonideal kinetic conditions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 407-416 (2005)