OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1424–1431

Measurement of the self-induced waveguide of a solitonlike optical beam in a nematic liquid crystal

Xavier Hutsebaut, Cyril Cambournac, Marc Haelterman, Jeroen Beeckman, and Kristiaan Neyts  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 22, Issue 7, pp. 1424-1431 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.22.001424


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (260 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Using phase-measurement interferometry, we observe the waveguide induced by a solitonlike optical beam sustained by the molecular reorientation-induced optical nonlinearity of a nematic liquid crystal in planar configuration. Our purpose in the study is to characterize the nonlocality of the optical response of nematic liquid crystals. A good agreement is obtained between the experiment and a full (2+1)-dimensional numerical simulation of the nonlinear optical beam propagation in the cell.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.2650) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fringe analysis
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(260.5950) Physical optics : Self-focusing

Citation
Xavier Hutsebaut, Cyril Cambournac, Marc Haelterman, Jeroen Beeckman, and Kristiaan Neyts, "Measurement of the self-induced waveguide of a solitonlike optical beam in a nematic liquid crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1424-1431 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-22-7-1424


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. Yu. S. Kivshar and G. I. Stegeman, "Spatial optical solitons--guiding light for future technologies," Opt. Photon. News 14(2), pp. 59-63.
  2. S. Trillo and W. E. Torruellas, eds., Spatial Solitons (Springer-Verlag, 2001).
  3. A. D. Boardman and A. P. Sukhorukov, eds., Soliton-Driven Photonics, NATO Sciences Series II, Vol. 31 (Kluwer Academic, 2001).
  4. M. J. Ablowitz, G. Biondini, and L. A. Ostrovsky, "Optical solitons: perspectives and applications," Chaos 10, 471-474 (2000).
  5. G. I. Stegeman, D. N. Christodoulides, and M. Segev, "Optical spatial solitons: historical perspectives," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1419-1427 (2000).
  6. M. Warenghem, J.-F. Henninot, and G. Abbate, "Nonlinearly induced self-waveguiding structure in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals confined in capillaries," Opt. Express 2, 483-490 (1998).
  7. M. A. Karpierz, "Spatial solitons in liquid crystals," in Ref. , pp. 41-57.
  8. M. Peccianti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, C. Umeton, and I.-C. Khoo, "Electrically assisted self-confinement and waveguiding in planar nematic liquid crystal cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 7-9 (2000).
  9. M. Peccianti, C. Conti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, and C. Umeton, "All-optical switching and logic gating with spatial solitons in liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3335-3337 (2002).
  10. M. Peccianti, C. Conti, G. Assanto, A. De Luca, and C. Umeton, "Routing of anisotropic spatial solitons and modulational instability in liquid crystals," Nature 432, 733-737 (2004).
  11. G. Assanto, M. Peccianti, and C. Conti, "Nematicons: optical spatial solitons in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Photon. News 14(2), pp. 44-48.
  12. M. Peccianti, K. A. Brzdakiewicz, and G. Assanto, "Nonlocal spatial soliton interactions in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 27, 1460-1462 (2002).
  13. C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, "Route to nonlocality and observation of accessible solitons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 073901 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Conti, M. Peccianti, and G. Assanto, "Observation of optical spatial solitons in a highly nonlocal medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 113902 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. A. W. Snyder and D. J. Mitchell, "Accessible solitons," Science 276, 1538-1541 (1997).
  16. E. Braun, L. Faucheux, and A. Libchaber, "Strong self-focusing in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 48, 611-622 (1993).
  17. P.-G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Clarendon, 1993).
  18. D. J. Mitchell and A. W. Snyder, "Soliton dynamics in a nonlocal medium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 236-239 (1999).
  19. X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, M. Haelterman, A. Adamski, and K. Neyts, "Single-component higher-order mode solitons in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Commun. 233, 211-217 (2004), and references therein.
  20. I.-C. Khoo, T. H. Liu, and P. Y. Yan, "Nonlocal radial dependence of laser-induced molecular reorientation in a nematic liquid crystal: theory and experiment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 115-120 (1987).
  21. J.-F. Henninot, M. Debailleul, and M. Warenghem, "Tunable non-locality of thermal non-linearity in dye doped nematic liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technol. Sect. A 375, 631-640 (2002).
  22. J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, and M. Haelterman, "Simulations and experiments on self-focusing conditions in nematic liquid-crystal planar cells," Opt. Express 12, 1011-1018 (2004).
  23. I.-C. Khoo, Liquid Crystals: Physical Properties and Nonlinear Optical Phenomena (Wiley, 1995).
  24. M. Peccianti, A. Fratalocchi, and G. Assanto, "Transverse dynamics of nematicons," Opt. Express 12, 6524-6529 (2004).
  25. J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, and M. Haelterman, "Simulation of 2-D lateral light propagation in nematic liquid-crystal cells with tilted molecules and nonlinear reorientational effect," Opt. Quantum Electron. (to be published).
  26. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2001).
  27. W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C: The Art of Scientific Computing, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, 1995).
  28. D. Suter and T. Blasberg, "Stabilization of transverse solitary waves by a nonlocal response of the nonlinear medium," Phys. Rev. A 48, 4583-4587 (1993).
  29. O. Bang, W. Krolikowski, J. Wyller, and J. J. Rasmussen, "Collapse arrest and soliton stabilization in nonlocal nonlinear media," Phys. Rev. E 66, 046619/1-5 (2002), and references therein.
  30. J. Beeckman, K. Neyts, X. Hutsebaut, C. Cambournac, and M. Haelterman, "Time dependence of soliton formation in planar cells of nematic liquid-crystal," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 735-740 (2002).
  31. K. Creath, "Phase-measurement interferometry techniques," in Progress in Optics XXVI, E.Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science, 1988), pp. 349-393.
  32. K. J. Gåsvik, Optical Metrology, 2nd ed. (Wiley, 1995) .
  33. P. Carré, "Installation et utilisation du comparateur photoélectrique et interférentiel du Bureau International des Poids et Mesures," Metrologia 2, 13-23 (1966).
  34. M. Hipp, J. Woisetschläger, P. Reiterer, and T. Neger, "Digital evaluation of interferograms," Measurement 36, 53-66 (2004). IDEA software (Interferometrical Data Evaluation Algorithms, http://optics.tugraz.at/) has been developed for the purposes of fringe analysis and phase evaluation from interferograms, with a view to applications in optical metrology, e.g., for surface topography and refractivity characterizations.
  35. M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, "Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 156-160 (1982).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited