OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Vol. 22, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2005
  • pp: 1949–1952

Enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Ag : BaTiO 3 composite films by applying an electric field during growth

Dongyi Guan, Zhenghao Chen, Weitian Wang, Huibin Lu, Yueliang Zhou, Kui-juan Jin, and Guozhen Yang  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 22, Issue 9, pp. 1949-1952 (2005)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (177 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We prepared the Ag : BaTiO 3 composite films by pulsed-laser deposition technique. The films were grown on MgO (100) substrates under a nitrogen pressure of 10.0 Pa at 600°C, and a parallel electric field was applied on the substrate during growth. The chemical natures of Ag in the films were measured by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The linear optical properties of the films were studied in the wavelength range of 330 to 700 nm. The third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities of the films were determined by z-scan method at the wavelength of 532 nm with a laser duration of 10 ns. The figure of merit (FOM) was 1 order of magnitude larger than that of the films that were grown without an electric field and reached 1.62 × 10 10 esu cm . Our experimental results have demonstrated that an external electrical field can induce the metal-particle orientation in order and therefore enhances the FOM of the metal-dielectric composite films.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties

Dongyi Guan, Zhenghao Chen, Weitian Wang, Huibin Lu, Yueliang Zhou, Kui-juan Jin, and Guozhen Yang, "Enhancement of optical nonlinearity in Ag:BaTiO3 composite films by applying an electric field during growth," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1949-1952 (2005)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. B. Liao, W. Wen, and G. K. L. Wong, "Preparation and characterization of Au/SiO2 multilayer composite films with nonspherical Au particles," Appl. Phys. A 80, 861-864 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. A. A. Scalisi, G. Compagnini, L. D'Urso, and O. Puglisi, "Nonlinear optical activity in Ag-SiO2 nanocomposite thin films with different silver concentration," Appl. Surf. Sci. 226, 237-241 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. R. del Coso, J. Requejo-Isidro, J. Solis, J. Gonzalo, and C. N. Afonso, "Third order nonlinear optical susceptibility of Cu:Al2O3 nanocomposites: from spherical nanoparticles to the percolation threshold," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2755-2762 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. Tanahashi, Y. Manabe, T. Tohda, S. Sasaki, and A. Nakamura, "Optical nonlinearities of Au/SiO2 composite thin films prepared by a sputtering method," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 1244-1249 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. K. P. Yuen, M. F. Law, K. W. Yu, and P. Sheng, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement via geometric anisotropy," Phys. Rev. E 56, R1322-1325 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. J. P. Huang and K. W. Yu, "Optical nonlinearity enhancement of graded metallic films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 94-96 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. W. J. Wen, N. Wang, H. R. Ma, Z. F. Lin, W. Y. Tam, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, "Field induced structural transition in mesocrystallites," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4248-4251 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. W. J. Wen, D. W. Zheng, and K. N. Tu, "In situ time response measurement of the microspheres dispersed in electrorheological fluids," Phys. Rev. E 57, 4516-4519 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. G. Yang, W. T. Wang, Y. L. Zhou, H. B. Lu, G. Z. Yang, and Z. H. Chen, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3969-3971 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, "High-sensitivity, single-beam n2 measurements," Opt. Lett. 14, 955-957 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. T. Wang, G. Yang, Z. H. Chen, Y. L. Zhou, and H. B. Lu, "Iron nanoparticles in amorphous BaTiO3 thin films with large third-order optical nonlinearity," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 7242-7245 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited