## Enhanced light-matter interaction in semiconductor heterostructures embedded in one-dimensional photonic crystals

JOSA B, Vol. 22, Issue 9, pp. 2039-2048 (2005)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.22.002039

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### Abstract

The optical properties of semiconductor quantum wells embedded in one-dimensional photonic crystal structures are analyzed by a self-consistent solution of Maxwell's equations and a microscopic many-body theory of the material excitations. For a field mode spectrally below the photonic band edge it is shown that the optical absorption and gain are enhanced, exceeding by more than 1 order of magnitude the values of a homogeneous medium. For the photonic crystal structure inside a microcavity the gain increases superlinearly with the number of wells and for more than five wells exceeds the gain of a corresponding vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

**OCIS Codes**

(000.6800) General : Theoretical physics

(130.5990) Integrated optics : Semiconductors

(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers

(250.7260) Optoelectronics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

**Citation**

Bernhard Pasenow, Matthias Reichelt, Tineke Stroucken, Torsten Meier, Stephan W. Koch, Aramis R. Zakharian, and Jerome V. Moloney, "Enhanced light-matter interaction in semiconductor heterostructures embedded in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B **22**, 2039-2048 (2005)

http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-22-9-2039

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