OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2006
  • pp: 2059–2065

Polarized spectral analysis of Nd 3 + ions in Li 6 Gd ( B O 3 ) 3 biaxial crystals

Xinghong Gong, Yanfu Lin, Yujin Chen, Zundu Luo, Qiguang Tan, and Yidong Huang  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 10, pp. 2059-2065 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.23.002059


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (116 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The orientation relationship between the crystallographic axes and the principal axes of the optical indicatrix for a Li 6 Gd ( B O 3 ) 3 single crystal grown by the Czochralski method was determined. The polarized absorption spectra, polarized fluorescence spectra, and fluorescence decay curve of Nd 3 + : Li 6 Gd ( B O 3 ) 3 were measured at room temperature. On the basis of the Judd–Ofelt theory and the Fuchtbauer–Landenburg formula, the spectroscopic parameters of Nd 3 + : Li 6 Gd ( B O 3 ) 3 relevant to laser properties were obtained and compared with other borate laser crystals. A primary laser output of about 130 mW at 1056 nm with the slope efficiency of 13% was obtained under a Ti:sapphire laser pumping.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.6170) Spectroscopy : Spectra

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 28, 2006
Revised Manuscript: June 20, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: July 11, 2006

Citation
Xinghong Gong, Yanfu Lin, Yujin Chen, Zundu Luo, Qiguang Tan, and Yidong Huang, "Polarized spectral analysis of Nd3+ ions in Li6Gd(BO3)3 biaxial crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2059-2065 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-10-2059


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Jaque, J. Capmany, J. G. Sole, Z. D. Luo, and A. D. Jiang, "Continuous-wave laser properties of the self-frequency-doubling YAl3(BO3)4:Nd crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1656-1662 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, "CW blue laser generation by self-sum frequency mixing in Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB) single crystal," Opt. Mater. 13, 293-297 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. C. T. Chen, "Recent advances in deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with KBBF crystal," Opt. Mater. 26, 425-429 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Zhang, X. L. Chen, J. K. Liang, and T. Xu, "Phase relations of the system Li2O-Gd2O3-B2O3 and the structure of a new ternary compound," J. Alloys Compd. 348, 314-318 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. V. Tolmachev, M. F. Dubovik, E. F. Dolzhenkova, T. I. Korshikova, B. V. Grinyov, V. N. Baumer, and O. V. Zelenskaya, "Structure and growth of pure and Ce3+-doped Li6Gd(BO3)3 single crystals," J. Cryst. Growth 242, 167-171 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. J.-P. Chaminade, O. Viraphong, and S. Miyazawa, "One possible mechanism of spiral/footing growth of Cz-grown Li6Gd(BO3)3," J. Cryst. Growth 237-239, 864-868 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. W. F. Krupke, "Optical absorption and fluorescence intensities in several rare-earth-doped Y2O3 and LaF3 single crystals," Phys. Rev. 145, 325-337 (1966). [CrossRef]
  8. B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-761 (1962). [CrossRef]
  9. G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-520 (1962). [CrossRef]
  10. B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, "Vibronic interaction of Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 925-930 (1982). [CrossRef]
  11. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Sm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968). [CrossRef]
  12. D. Jaque, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. Garcia Sole, "Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 9, 9715-9729 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. Y. J. Chen, X. Q. Lin, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, "Polarized spectral analysis of Nd3+ ions in LaB3O6 biaxial crystal," Chem. Phys. Lett. 397, 282-287 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Luo, X. Chen, and T. Zhao, "Judd-Ofelt parameter analysis of rare earth anisotropic crystals by three perpendicular unpolarized absorption measurements," Opt. Commun. 134, 415-422 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. D. Jaque, J. Capmany, J. A. Sanz Garcia, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, and J. Garcia Sole, "Nd3+ ion based self frequency doubling solid state lasers," Opt. Mater. 13, 147-157 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. J. Chen, X. H. Gong, Y. F. Lin, Z. D. Luo, Q. G. Tan, and Y. D. Huang, "Highly efficient Nd3+:LaB3O6 cleavage microchip laser," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103-104 (2005).
  17. J. H. Choi, A. Margaryan, A. Margaryan, and F. G. Shi, "Judd-Ofelt analysis of spectroscopic properties of Nd3+-doped novel fluorophosphate glass," J. Lumin. 114, 167-177 (2005). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Q. Zou, X. Y. Chen, D. Y. Tang, Z. D. Luo, and W. Q. Yang, "Investigation of the spectroscopic properties of acentric orthorhombic Nd3+:Gd2(MoO4)3 crystals," Opt. Commun. 167, 99-104 (1999). [CrossRef]
  19. R. F. Belt and R. Uhrin, "Crystal growth and evaluation of rare earth orthogallates for laser hosts," in Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Laser Hosts and Nonlinear Crystals, Proc. SPIE 1104, 209-215 (1989).
  20. D. L. Dexter and J. H. Schulman, "Theory of concentration quenching in inorganic phosphors," J. Chem. Phys. 22, 1063-1070 (1954). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Miyakawa and D. L. Dexter, "Phonon sidebands, multiphonon relaxation of excited states, and phonon-assisted energy transfer between ions in solids," Phys. Rev. B 1, 2691-2969 (1970). [CrossRef]
  22. S. Tanabe, "Upconversion properties, multiphonon relaxation, and local environment of rare-earth ions in fluorophosphates glasses," Phys. Rev. B 45, 4620-4625 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. H. Toratani, T. Izumitani, and H. Kuroda, "Compositional dependence of nonradiative decay rate in Nd laser glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 52, 303-313 (1982). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, M. Ferrari, and M. Montagna, "Spectroscopic investigation of zinc borate glasses doped with trivalent europium ions," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 201, 211-221 (1996). [CrossRef]
  25. L. Macalik, J. Hanuza, and A. A. Kaminskii, "Polarized Raman spectra of the oriented NaY(WO4)2 and KY(WO4)2 single crystals," J. Mol. Struct. 555, 289-297 (2000). [CrossRef]
  26. A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, "Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4—new efficient chi(3)-materials for Raman lasers," Opt. Commun. 194, 201-206 (2001). [CrossRef]
  27. E. F. Dolzhenkova, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. V. Tolmachev, M. F. Dubovik, B. V. Grinyov, V. A. Tarasov, V. N. Baumer, and O. V. Zelenskaya, "Specific morphological features of LaB3O6 single crystals: a new promising material for thin-layer radiation detectors," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 473-476 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited