OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2006
  • pp: 353–357

Prism coupling of ultrashort light pulses into waveguides

Xiangmin Liu, Pengfei Zhu, Zhuangqi Cao, Qishun Shen, and Jialin Chen  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 2, pp. 353-357 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.23.000353


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (155 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We discuss coupling of ultrashort light pulses into waveguides by use of a prism waveguide coupler configuration. Theoretical analysis indicates that an extra loss induced by the short coherence times of ultrashort pulses, which has a strong effect on the reflected light and the optimum coupling condition, appears in the waveguide. Numerical simulations show that the reflectance strongly depends on the coherence times of ultrashort pulses. A method for realizing optimum coupling by compensating for the extra loss is proposed as well in this paper. A preliminary experiment of employing ultrashort pulses with different coherence times was carried out, and good agreement between theory and experiment was obtained.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: July 5, 2005
Revised Manuscript: August 31, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: September 4, 2005

Citation
Xiangmin Liu, Pengfei Zhu, Zhuangqi Cao, Qishun Shen, and Jialin Chen, "Prism coupling of ultrashort light pulses into waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 353-357 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-2-353


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. K. Tien, R. Ulrich, and R. J. Martin, "Modes of propagating light waves in thin deposited semiconductor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 14, 291-294 (1969). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Jiang, Z. Cao, Q. Shen, X. Dou, and Y. Chen, "Improved attenuated-total-reflection technique for measuring the electro-optic coefficients of nonlinear optical polymers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 805-808 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Okamoto, M. Yamamoto, and I. Yamaguchi, "Optical waveguide absorption sensor using a single coupling prism," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1880-1886 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Jiang, Z. Cao, G. Chen, X. Dou, and Y. Chen, "Low voltage electro-optic polymer light modulator using attenuated total internal reflection," Opt. Laser Technol. 33, 417-420 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. P. K. Tien and R. Ulrich, "Theory of prism-film coupler and thin-film light guides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1325-1337 (1970). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Ulrich, "Theory of the prism-film coupler by plane-wave analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60, 1337-1350 (1970). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Liao and G. I. Stegeman, "Nonlinear prism coupler," Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 164-166 (1984). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Assanto, R. M. Fortenberry, C. T. Seaton, and G. I. Stegeman, "Theory of pulsed excitation of nonlinear distributed prism couplers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 432-442 (1988). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Koynov, N. Goutev, F. Fitrilawati, A. Bahtiar, A. Best, C. Bubeck, and H. Hörhold, "Nonlinear prism coupling of waveguides of the conjugated polymer MEH-PPV and their figures of merit for all-optical switching," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 895-901 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Enoch and H. Akhouayri, "Bistable prism coupler with both second- and third-order nonlinearities," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 588-592 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, and Q. Shen, "Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2757-2759 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Herminghaus, M. Klopfleisch, and H. J. Schmidt, "Attenuated total reflectance as a quantum interference phenomenon," Opt. Lett. 19, 293-295 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Kogelnik and H. P. Weber, "Rays, stored energy, and power flow in dielectric waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 174-185 (1974). [CrossRef]
  14. N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Saunders College, New York, 1976), pp. 1-28.
  15. X. Zhu, K. G. Spears, and J. Serafin, "Ultrashort pulsed laser coherence measurements by single-pulse holography and four-wave mixing," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1356-1361 (1989). [CrossRef]
  16. W. P. Chen and J. M. Chen, "Use of surface plasma waves for determination of the thickness and optical constants of thin metallic films," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 189-191 (1981). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited