OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2006
  • pp: 868–873

Photo-orientation by multiphoton photoselection

Hidekazu Ishitobi, Zouheir Sekkat, and Satoshi Kawata  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 5, pp. 868-873 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (117 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present evidence of photoselection by polarized multiphoton absorption (MPA) in an azo dye, i.e., Disperse Red 1 (DR1), dispersed in films of poly(methyl-methacrylate). MPA of DR1 at a fundamental of 785 nm , from a pulsed, regeneratively amplified, Ti:sapphire laser, results in photobleaching of the dye, and linearly polarized MPA of DR1 creates anisotropy, a feature that is indicative of orientational hole burning by MPA. The slopes of the early-time evolution of the isotropic absorbance and anisotropy show a dependence on the 3.65 ± 0.15 power of the excitation laser intensity, and the dynamics of MPA-induced orientation are described by a theoretical model for MPA selective bleaching.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: August 12, 2005
Revised Manuscript: November 21, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: November 23, 2005

Hidekazu Ishitobi, Zouheir Sekkat, and Satoshi Kawata, "Photo-orientation by multiphoton photoselection," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 868-873 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Zyss, "Molecular engineering implications of rotational invariance in quadratic nonlinear optics—>from dipolar to octupolar molecules and materials," J. Chem. Phys. 98, 6583-6599 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Zyss, P. Kelley, and P. Liao, Molecular Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 1994).
  3. Z. Sekkat and W. Knoll, Photoreactive Organic Thin Films (Academic, 2002).
  4. F. Weigert, "Dichroism induced in a fine-grain silver-chloride emulsion by a beam of linearly polarized light," Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 21, 479-483 (1919).
  5. Z. Sekkat and M. Dumont, "Photoassisted poling of azo dye doped polymeric films at room temperature," Appl. Phys. B 54, 486-489 (1992). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Charra, F. Kajzar, J. M. Nunzi, P. Raimond, and E. Idiart, "Light-induced second-harmonic generation in azo-dye polymers," Opt. Lett. 18, 941-943 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Piron, S. Brasselet, D. Josse, J. Zyss, G. Viscardi, and C. Barolo, "Matching molecular and optical multipoles in photoisomerizable nonlinear systems," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1276-1282 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Adachi and T. Kobayashi, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference in optical poling," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153903 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. Sekkat, A. Knoesen, V. Y. Lee, and R. D. Miller, "Observation of reversible photochemical 'blow out' of the third-order molecular hyperpolarizability of push-pull azo dye in high glass transition temperature polyimides," J. Phys. Chem. 101, 4733-4739 (1997).
  10. S. Liu, W. L Wang, C. C. Fang, T. H. Huang, and C. C. Hsu, "Photoreactive phase conjugation strength in disperse red 1 doped poly(methylmethacrylate) thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 013103 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Sekkat, D. Yasumatsu, and S. Kawata, "Pure photoorientation of azo dye in polyurethanes and quantification of orientation of spectrally overlapping isomers," J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 12407-12417 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. Z. Sekkat, P. Prêtre, A. Knoesen, W. Volksen, V. Y. Lee, R. D. Miller, J. Wood, and W. Knoll, "Correlation between polymer architecture and sub-glass-transition-temperature light-induced molecular movement in azo-polyimide polymers: influence on linear and second- and third-order nonlinear optical processes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 401-413 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. W. H. Zhou, S. M. Kuebler, K. L. Braun, T. Yu, J. K. Cammack, C. K. Ober, J. W. Perry, and S. R. Marder, "An efficient two-photon-generated photoacid applied to positive-tone 3D microfabrication," Science 296, 1106-1109 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. G. Kuzyk, "Fundamental limits on two-photon absorption cross sections," J. Phys. Chem. 119, 8327-8334 (2003).
  15. S. Kawata, H. B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, "Finer features for functional microdevices—>micromachines can be created with higher resolution using two-photon absorption," Nature 412, 697-698 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, "Three-dimensional optical storage memory," Science 245, 843-345 (1989). [CrossRef]
  17. W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, "2-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy," Science 248, 73-76 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Z. Sekkat, H. Ishitobi, and S. Kawata, "Two-photon isomerization and orientation of photoisomers in thin films of polymer," Opt. Commun. 222, 269-276 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. Z. Sekkat, "Isomeric orientation by two-photon excitation: a theoretical study," Opt. Commun. 229, 291-303 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, "Polarization storage by nonlinear orientational hole burning in azo dye-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351-353 (2004). [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Sekkat, J. Wood, W. Knoll, W. Volksen, and R. D. Miller, "Light-induced orientation in a high glass transition temperature polyimide with polar azo dyes in the side chain," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1713-1724 (1996). [CrossRef]
  22. A. Galvan-Gonzalez, M. Canva, G. I. Stegeman, L. Sukhomlinova, R. J. Twieg, K. P. Chan, T. C. Kowalczyk, and H. S. Lackritz, "Photodegradation of azobenzene nonlinear optical chromophores: the influence of structure and environment," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1992-2000 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. J. Vydra, H. Beisinghoff, T. Tschudi, and M. Eich, "Photodecay mechanisms in side chain nonlinear optical polymethacrylates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1035-1037 (1996). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Nakanishi, O. Sugihara, N. Okamoto, and K. Hirota, "Ultraviolet photobleaching process of azo dye doped polymer and silica films for fabrication of nonlinear optical waveguides," Appl. Opt. 37, 1068-1073 (1998). [CrossRef]
  25. J. O. Morley, O. J. Guy, and M. H. Charlton, "Mechanistic studies on the photodegradation of azoarenes," J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 173, 174-184 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Krüger, S. Martin, H. Mädebach, L. Urech, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, and W. Kautek, "Femto- and nanosecond laser treatment of doped polymethylmethacrylate," Appl. Surf. Sci. 247, 406-411 (2005). [CrossRef]
  27. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1962).
  28. T. Verbiest, D. M. Burland, M. C. Jurich, V. Y. Lee, R. D. Miller, and W. Volksen, "Exceptionally thermally stable polyimides for 2nd-order nonlinear-optical applications," Science 66, 1604-1606 (1995).
  29. Z. Sekkat, J. Wood, W. Knoll, W. Volksen, R. D. Miller, and A. Knoesen, "Light-induced orientation in azo-polyimide polymers 325°C below the glass transition temperature," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 829-833 (1997). [CrossRef]
  30. C. Xu and W. W. Webb, "Measurement of two-photon excitation cross sections of molecular fluorophores with data from 690 to 1050nm," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 481-491 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited