OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2006
  • pp: 1007–1011

Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer

Platon P. Korneychuk, Oleksandr G. Tereshchenko, Yuriy A. Reznikov, Victor Yu. Reshetnyak, and Kenneth D. Singer  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 6, pp. 1007-1011 (2006)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (79 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have carried out studies of photoinduced diffraction in a homeotropically aligned liquid-crystal cell on indium tin oxide with no alignment layer deposited between the electrodes and the liquid crystal. We have observed diffractive components from both persistent hidden gratings and transient gratings formed in the presence of a dc electric field and two coherent pump beams. Our experiments suggest that these persistent hidden gratings are due to a light-induced modulation of the surface charge of adsorbed species that is hidden by diffusion of bulk charge to screen the surface charge in the absence of an applied field. The applied field removes the screening charge, revealing the hidden surface-bound charge modulation. This persistent hidden grating can be manipulated by the application of light and/or a dc electric field. Dynamics and other properties are studied and described.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(240.6670) Optics at surfaces : Surface photochemistry

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: September 1, 2005
Revised Manuscript: December 23, 2005
Manuscript Accepted: January 6, 2006

Platon P. Korneychuk, Oleksandr G. Tereshchenko, Yuriy A. Reznikov, Victor Yu. Reshetnyak, and Kenneth D. Singer, "Hidden surface photorefractive gratings in a nematic-liquid crystal cell in the absence of a deposited alignment layer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1007-1011 (2006)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. V. Rudenko and A. V. Sukhov, "Photoinduced electroconductivity and photorefraction in nematic," JETP Lett. 59, 142-146 (1994).
  2. G. Zhang, G. Montemezzani, and P. Gunter, "Orientational photorefractive effect in nematic liquid crystal with externally applied fields," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1709-1717 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. S.-H. Chen and Y. Shen, "Observation of self-starting phase-conjugate oscillation in a planar nematic liquid-crystal cell," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1281-1283 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. I. C. Khoo, "Orientational photorefractive effects in nematic liquid crystal films," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 525-534 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. I. C. Khoo, B. D. Guenther, M. V. Wood, P. Chen, and M.-Y. Shih, "Coherent beam amplification with a photorefractive liquid crystal," Opt. Lett. 22, 1229-1231 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Miniewicz, S. Bartkiewicz, and J. Parka, "Optical phase conjugation in dye-doped nematic liquid crystal," Opt. Commun. 149, 89-95 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Miniewicz, K. Komorowska, J. Vanhanen, and J. Parka, "Surface-assisted optical storage in a nematic liquid crystal cell via photoinduced charge-density modulation," Org. Electron. 2, 155-163 (2001). [CrossRef]
  8. F. Simoni, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. Pagliusi, "Polymer dispersed liquid crystals: effects of photorefractivity and local heating on holographic recording," Chem. Phys. 245, 429-436 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. I. C. Khoo, S. Slussarenko, B. D. Guenther, Min-Yi Shih, P. Chen, and W. V. Wood, "Optically induced space-charge fields, dc voltage, and extraordinarily large nonlinearity in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 23, 253-255 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. N. V. Tabiryan and C. Umeton, "Surface-activated photorefractivity and electro-optic phenomena in liquid crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1912-1917 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Bartkiewicz, F. Kajzar, A. Miniewicz, and M. Zagorska, "Observation of high gain in liquid-crystal panel with photoconducting polymeric layers," Appl. Opt. 37, 6871-6877 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Kaczmarek, A. Dyadyusha, S. Slussarenko, and I. C. Khoo, "The role of surface charge field in two-beam coupling in liquid crystal cells with photoconducting polymer layers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 2616-2623 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. W. Lee, H.-Y. Chen, and S.-L. Yeh., "Surface-sustained permanent gratings in nematic liquid crystals doped with carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 10, 482-487 (2002). [PubMed]
  14. J. Zhang, V. Ostroverkhov, K. D. Singer, V. Reshetnyak, and Yu. Reznikov, "Electrically controlled surface diffraction gratings in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 25, 414-416 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparone, "Surface-induced photorefractive-like effect in pure liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 168-170 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, "Photorefractive effect due to a photoinduced surface-charge modulation in undoped liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. E 69, 061708 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. P. Pagliusi and G. Cipparrone, "Charge transport due to photoelectric interface activation in pure nematic liquid-crystal cells," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 4863-4869 (2002). [CrossRef]
  18. V. Boichuk, S. Kuchejev, J. Parka, V. Reshetnyak, Yu. Reznikov, I. Shzyjanovskaya, K. D. Singer, and S. Slussarenko, "Surface-mediated light-controlled Friedericksz transition in a nematic liquid crystal cell," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5963-5967 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. S. S. Slussarenko, "Photorefractive effect in pure nematic liquid crystal," Europhys. Lett. 56, 672-675 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Ono and N. Kawatsuki, "Orientational holographic grating observed in liquid crystals sandwiched with photoconductive polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1162-1164 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Ono and N. Kawatsuki, "Real-time holograms in liquid crystals on photoconductive polymer surfaces," Opt. Commun. 147, 237-241 (1998). [CrossRef]
  22. F. Kajzar, S. Bartkiewicz, and A. Miniewicz, "Optical amplification with high gain in hybrid-polymer-liquid-crystal structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2924-2226 (1999). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited