OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: G. I. Stegeman
  • Vol. 23, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2006
  • pp: 1770–1775

Experimental evidence of the validity of the McCumber theory relating emission and absorption for rare-earth glasses

R. M. Martin and R. S. Quimby  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 23, Issue 9, pp. 1770-1775 (2006)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.23.001770


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (599 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The validity of the theory of McCumber [ Phys. Rev. 136, A954–A957 (1964) ] has been tested by applying it to a number of ground-state transition in various rare-earth-doped glasses. Special attention was given to those aspects of the experimental procedure that can lead to systematic errors, such as reabsorption of fluorescence and baseline subtraction uncertainties in the absorption measurements. To ensure consistency between absorption and fluorescence measurements, we used the same geometry for light collection and measurement. With these experimental procedures properly implemented, we find that in all cases there is excellent agreement between the spectral shape of calculated and measured cross-section spectra at room temperature. This is true even for the thermally coupled ( H 9 2 2 , F 5 2 4 ) and F 3 2 4 levels of Nd, which span an energy range of 2000 cm 1 , much larger than the typical width of a single Stark level manifold. The results suggest that, at room temperature, the McCumber theory is not restricted to crystalline hosts but remains valid for the broader transitions characteristic of rare-earth-doped glass.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 3, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: April 19, 2006

Citation
R. M. Martin and R. S. Quimby, "Experimental evidence of the validity of the McCumber theory relating emission and absorption for rare-earth glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1770-1775 (2006)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23-9-1770


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. E. McCumber, "Einstein relations connecting broadband emission and absorption spectra," Phys. Rev. 136, A954-A957 (1964). [CrossRef]
  2. R. S. Quimby, "Range of validity of McCumber theory in relating absorption and emission cross sections," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 180-187 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. F. Digonnet, E. Murphy-Chutorian, and D. G. Falquier, "Fundamental limitations of the McCumber relation applied to Er-doped silica and other amorphous-host lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1629-1637 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, "Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4," J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2772-2787 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. J. A. Lazaro, J. A. Valles, and M. A. Rebolledo, "In situ measurement of absorption and emission cross sections in Er3+-doped waveguides for transitions involving thermalized states," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 827-831 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. W. J. Miniscalco and R. S. Quimby, "General procedure for the analysis of Er3+ cross sections," Opt. Lett. 16, 258-260 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Schweizer, D. W. Hewak, B. N. Samson, and D. N. Payne, "Spectroscopic data of the 1.8-, 2.9-, and 4.3-μm transitions in dysprosium-doped gallium lanthanum sulfide glass," Opt. Lett. 21, 1594-1596 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Schweizer and B. N. Samson, "Infrared emission and ion-ion interaction in thulium- and terbium-doped gallium lanthanum sulfide glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 308-316 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Florea and K. A. Winick, "Ytterbium-doped glass waveguide laser fabricated by ion exchange," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1593-1601 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, "Spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped ultraphosphate glasses for 1.5 μm amplification," J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3560-3567 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. D. J. Coleman, S. D. Jackson, P. Golding, and T. A. King, "Measurements of the spectroscopic and energy transfer parameters for Er3+-doped and Er3+, Pr3+-codoped PbO—Bi2O3—Ga2O3 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2927-2937 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Sun, J. Zhang, Y. Juo, J. Lin, and H. Song, "Spectral components and their contributions to the 1.5 μm emission bandwidth of erbium-doped oxide glass," J. Appl. Phys. 94, 1325-1328 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. M. C. Williams and R. T. Brundage, "Stimulated-emission cross sections and nonradiative relaxation of the L65 state of trivalent americium in fluorozirconate glass," Phys. Rev. B 45, 4561-4565 (1992). [CrossRef]
  15. P. M. Krummrich, "Experimental determination of the emission cross-section spectrum of the pump transition of praseodymium," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 62-64 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. J. F. Philipps, T. Topfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, and R. Sauerbrey, "Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Er3+:Nd3+-doped fluoride phosphate glasses," Appl. Phys. B 72, 399-405 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. V. Sudesh, J. A. Piper, E. M. Goldys, and R. S. Seymour, "Growth, characterization, and laser potential of Tm:La2Be2O5," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 239-246 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. R. I. Epstein, J. J. Brown, B. C. Edwards, and A. Gibbs, "Measurements of optical refrigeration in ytterbium-doped crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4815-4819 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. R. S. Quimby and B. Zheng, "New excited-state absorption measurement technique and application to Pr3+ doped fluorozirconate glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1055-1057 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited