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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 3 — Mar. 1, 2007
  • pp: 671–680

Measurement of excited-state lifetime using two-pulse photon echoes in rubidium vapor

E. A. Rotberg, B. Barrett, S. Beattie, S. Chudasama, M. Weel, I. Chan, and A. Kumarakrishnan  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 671-680 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.24.000671


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Abstract

We report a measurement of the 5 P 3 2 excited-state lifetime using two-pulse photon echoes in Rb vapor. The measurement is precise to 1 % and agrees with the best measurement of atomic lifetime in Rb. The results suggest that a measurement precise to 0.25 % is possible through additional data acquisition and study of systematic effects. The experiment relies on short optical pulses generated from a cw laser using acousto-optic modulators. The excitation pulses are on resonance with the F = 3 F = 4 transition in Rb 85 or the F = 2 F = 3 transition in Rb 87 . The resulting photon echo signal is detected using a heterodyne detection technique. The excited-state lifetime is determined by measuring the exponential decay of the echo intensity as a function of the time between the excitation pulses. We also present a study of the echo intensity as a function of excitation pulse area and compare the results to simulations based on optical Bloch equations. The simulations include the effects of spontaneous emission as well as spatial and temporal variations of the intensities of excitation pulses.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(300.6240) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent transient

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: July 26, 2006
Revised Manuscript: October 4, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: October 4, 2006
Published: February 15, 2007

Citation
E. A. Rotberg, B. Barrett, S. Beattie, S. Chudasama, M. Weel, I. Chan, and A. Kumarakrishnan, "Measurement of excited-state lifetime using two-pulse photon echoes in rubidium vapor," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 671-680 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-3-671

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