OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2007
  • pp: 965–971

Study on six-photon and five-photon ultraviolet upconversion luminescence

Xiaobo Chen and Zengfu Song  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 4, pp. 965-971 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.24.000965


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (227 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The ultraviolet upconversion luminescence of the Tm 3 + ion sensitized by the Yb 3 + ion in fluoride glass as excited by a 975 nm diode laser was studied. Two typical ultraviolet upconversion luminescence lines positioned at 290.6 and 362.0 nm were found and could be identified as the fluorescence transitions of I 6 1 H 6 3 and D 2 1 H 6 3 , respectively. The elaborative measurement of the variation of upconversion luminescence intensity F as a function of the 975 nm pumping laser power P has proven that the luminescence lines result from five-photon and six-photon upconversion processes, respectively. To our best knowledge, the finding of six-photon ultraviolet upconversion luminescence is original. Moreover, a novel characteristic upconversion luminescence saturation phenomenon was observed, as the log F log P curve of upconversion fluorescence versus pumping laser power is a straight line, while the slopes of these log F log P plots are apparently smaller than the value determined by the normal multiphoton relation. When the pumping laser spot was increased, the slopes were enhanced noticeably from small values to those that are equal to or near what a normal multiphoton relation would determine. The mechanism of this characteristic saturation phenomenon is the energy expansion resulting from the energy resonant migration among Yb 3 + ions.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(300.6410) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, multiphoton

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: August 30, 2006
Revised Manuscript: December 5, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: December 5, 2006
Published: March 15, 2007

Citation
Xiaobo Chen and Zengfu Song, "Study on six-photon and five-photon ultraviolet upconversion luminescence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 965-971 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-4-965


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jørgensen, Lasers and Excited States of Rare Earths (Springer-Verlag, 1977). [CrossRef]
  2. J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. Garcia-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H. U. Gudel, "Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence," Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Miyakawa and D. L. Dexter, "Cooperative and stepwise excitation of luminescence: trivalent rare-earth ions in Yb3+-sensitized crystals," Phys. Rev. B 1, 70-80 (1970). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Miyakawa and D. L. Dexter, "Phonon sidebands, multiphonon relaxation of excited states, and phonon-assisted energy transfer between ions in solids," Phys. Rev. B 1, 2961-2969 (1970). [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Noginov, M. Curley, P. Venkateswariu, and A. Williams, "Excitation scheme for the upper energy levels in a Tm:Yb:BaY2F8 laser crystal," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2126-2137 (1997). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Balda, A. J. Garcia-Adeva, M. Voda, and J. Fernandez, "Upconversion processes in Er3+-doped KPb2Cl5," Phys. Rev. B 69, 205203 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, "A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1187 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. X. B. Chen and Y. X. Nie, "Principle demonstration of 3D volumetric display achieved by PrYb co-doped material," Proc. SPIE 4221, 73-77 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Sanders, R. G. Waarts, D. G. Mehuys, and D. F. Wetch, "Laser diode pumped 106mW blue upconversion fiber laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1815-1817 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Auzel, "Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids," Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 104, 141-173 (2004).
  11. G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, S. H. Huang, D. Zhao, J. Zhang, and S. Z. Lu, "Intense ultraviolet upconversion luminescence from Yb3+ and Tm3+ codoped amorphous fluoride particles synthesized by pulsed laser ablation," Opt. Commun. 242, 215-219 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. X. B. Chen, F. C. Zhang, and L. Chen, "Up-conversion luminescence research of Er(0:5):ZBLAN material for volumetric display application when excited by 1520nm laser," Chin. Phys. 12, 1451-1458 (2003). [CrossRef]
  13. M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, A. L. Lenef, H. Ni, Q. Shu, S. C. Rand, J. Rai, and S. Rai, "Nonradiative dynamics of avalanche upconversion in Tm:LiYF4," Phys. Rev. B 61, 1116-1128 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. W. T. Carnall, R. Fields, and K. T. Rajnank, "Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968). [CrossRef]
  15. I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, "Increase of the 800nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions," Opt. Mater. 22, 327-333 (2003). [CrossRef]
  16. J. J. Owen, A. K. Cheetham, and R. A. Mcfarlane, "Orientation-dependent fluorescence studies and spectroscopic analysis of doped barium yttrium fluoride upconversion laser crystals (BaY2−x−yYbxTmyF8)," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 684-693 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. S. F. Li, Q. Y. Zhang, and Y. P. Lee, "Absorption and photoluminescence properties of Er-doped and Er/Yb codoped soda-silicate laser glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 4746-4750 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. X. B. Chen and Z. F. Song, "An initial experimental comparative investigation of direct and indirect up-conversion sensitization of the G41 level of Tm, Yb co-doped material," Opt. Commun. 181, 171-181 (2000). [CrossRef]
  19. A. Biswas, G. S. Maciel, C. S. Friend, and P. N. Prasad, "Upconversion properties of a transparent Er3+-Yb3+ co-doped LaF3-SiO2 glass-ceramics prepared by sol-gel method," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 316, 393-397 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, and A. S. Gouveja-Neto, "Blue cooperative luminescence in Yb3+-doped tellurite glasses excited at 1.064μm," J. Chem. Phys. 116, 6772-6776 (2002). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Sergeyev, S. Popov, D. Khoptyar, A. T. Friberg, and D. Flavin, "Statistical model of migration-assisted upconversion in a high-concentration erbium-doped fiber amplifier," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1540-1543 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. Alexander Kaminskii, Laser Crystals: Their Physics (Springer, 1981).
  23. S. Hinjosa, M. A. Meneses-Nava, O. Barbosa-Garcia, L. A. Diaz-Torres, M. A. Santoyo, and J. F. Mosino, "Energy back transfer, migration and energy transfer (Yb-to-Er andEr-to-Yb) processes in Yb,Er:YAG," J. Lumin. 102, 694-698 (2003). [CrossRef]
  24. L. D. da Vila, L. Gomes, L. V. G. Tarelho, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messadeq, "Mechanism of the Yb-Er energy transfer in fluorozirconate glass," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3873-3880 (2003). [CrossRef]
  25. X. B. Chen, "Research on the upconversion luminescence of Tm3+ ion in crystal and amorphous pentaphosphate materials," J. Lumin. 69, 151-160 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited