OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2007
  • pp: 1101–1104

Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting properties of carbon disulfide in a short-wavelength region

Zhi-Bo Liu, Yong-Liang Liu, Bin Zhang, Wen-Yuan Zhou, Jian-Guo Tian, Wei-Ping Zang, and Chun-Ping Zhang  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 5, pp. 1101-1104 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (99 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Nonlinear absorption of carbon disulfide ( CS 2 ) was studied in the wavelength region of 420 530 nm by using Z-scan method with nanosecond pulses. Large nonlinear absorption was found in the short-wavelength region ( 420 460 nm ) . The optical limiting properties of CS 2 were also studied, and results showed that CS 2 has good optical limiting capability in the 420 460 nm region. The mechanism of the nonlinear absorption was analyzed by the temporal profile of pulses going through CS 2 . The large nonlinear absorption is believed to arise from a combination of two-photon absorption and the excited-state absorption induced by two-photon absorption.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: November 29, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: January 11, 2007
Published: April 17, 2007

Zhi-Bo Liu, Yong-Liang Liu, Bin Zhang, Wen-Yuan Zhou, Jian-Guo Tian, Wei-Ping Zang, and Chun-Ping Zhang, "Nonlinear absorption and optical limiting properties of carbon disulfide in a short-wavelength region," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1101-1104 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. P. Ho and R. R. Alfano, 'Optical Kerr effects in liquids,' Phys. Rev. A 20, 2170-2187 (1979). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, 'Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,' IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990). [CrossRef]
  3. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, 'Nonlinear refraction in CS2,' Appl. Phys. B 78, 433-438 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. J. A. Giordmaine and J. A. Howe, 'Intensity-induced optical absorption cross section CS2,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 207-210 (1963). [CrossRef]
  5. P. D. Maker and R. W. Terhune, 'Study of optical effects due to an induced polarization third order in the electric field strength,' Phys. Rev. A 137, 801 (1965). [CrossRef]
  6. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, N. Ishizawa, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, 'Two- and three-photon absorption in CS2,' Opt. Commun. 231, 431-436 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. L. D. Ziegler and X. J. Jordanides, 'Two-photon absorption resonance effects in the third-order responses of transparent liquids,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 352, 270-280 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (CRC press, 2003). [CrossRef]
  9. L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, 'A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors, and other materials,' Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299-338 (1993). [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Ehrlich, X.-L. Wu, I.-Y. S. Lee, Z.-Y. Hu, H. Röckel, S. R. Marder, and J. W. Perry, 'Two-photon absorption and broadband optical limiting with bis-donor stilbenes,' Opt. Lett. 22, 1843-1845 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Kannan, G. S. He, L. Yuan, F. Xu, P. N. Prasad, A. G. Dombroskie, B. A. Reinhardt, J. W. Baur, R. A. Vaia, and L.-S. Tan, 'Diphenylaminofluorene-based two-photon-asorbing chromophores with various p-electron acceptors,' Chem. Mater. 13, 1896-1904 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. J. A. Hermann and R. G. McDuff, 'Analysis of spatial scanning with thick optically nonlinear media,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2056-2064 (1994). [CrossRef]
  13. S. Couris, M. Renard, O. Faucher, B. Lavorel, R. Chaux, E. Koudoumas, and X. Michaut, 'An experimental investigation of the nonlinear refractive index (n2) of carbon disulfide and toluene by spectral shearing interferometry and z-scan techniques,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 369, 318-324 (2003). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, 'Simultaneous measurement of pure-optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities induced by high-repetition-rate, femtosecond laser pulses: application to CS2,' Appl. Phys. B 69, 133-136 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. X. Liu, S. Guo, H. Wang, N. Ming, and L. Hou, 'Investigation of the influence of finite aperture size on the z-scan transmittance curve,' J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 10, 431-439 (2001). [CrossRef]
  16. X. Sun, Y. Xiong, P. Chen, J. Lin, W. Ji, J. H. Lim, S. S. Yang, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, 'Investigation of optical limiting mechanisms in multi-walled carbon nanotubes,' Appl. Opt. 39, 1998-2001 (2000). [CrossRef]
  17. J. W. Rabalais, J. M. McDonald, V. Scherr, and S. P. McGlynn, 'Electronic spectroscopy of isoelectronic molecules. II. Linear triatomic grouping containing sixteen valence electrons,' Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 71, 73-108 (1971). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Stone, 'Measurements of the absorption of light in low-liquids,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 327-333 (1972). [CrossRef]
  19. J. H. Lim, O. V. Przhonska, S. Khodja, S. Yang, T. S. Ross, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, M. V. Bondar, and Y. L. Slominsky, 'Polymethine and squarylium molecules with large excited-state absorption,' Chem. Phys. 245, 79-97 (1999). [CrossRef]
  20. R. S. Lepkowicz, C. M. Cirloganu, J. Fu, O. V. Przhonska, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, M. V. Bondar, Y. L. Slominsky, and A. D. Kachkovski, 'Femtosecond-to-nanosecond nonlinear spectroscopy of polymethine molecules,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2664-2685 (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. J. Kleinschmidt, S. Rentsch, W. Tottleben, and B. Wilhelmi, 'Measurement of strong nonlinear absorption in stilbenecholoform solution, explained by the superposition of two-photon absorption and one-photon absorption from the excited state,' Chem. Phys. Lett. 24, 133-135 (1974). [CrossRef]
  22. R. L. Sutherland, M. C. Brant, J. Heinrichs, J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. G. McLean, and P. A. Fleitz, 'Excited-state characterization and effective three-photon absorption model of two-photon-induced excited-state absorption in organic push-pull charge-transfer chromophores,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1939-1948 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. R. L. Sutherland, M. E. Brant, D. G. McLean, J. E. Rogers, B. Sankaran, S. E. Kirkpatrick, and P. A. Fleitz, 'Excited state absorption in a strongly two-photon absorbing neat organic material,' in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 96 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CFF6.
  24. Y. Gao and M. J. Potasek, 'Effects of excited-state absorption on two-photon absorbing materials,' Appl. Opt. 45, 2521-2528 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited