OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2007
  • pp: 1276–1282

Polarization switching of mutually coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

Wei Li Zhang, Wei Pan, Bin Luo, Xiao Feng Li, Xi Hua Zou, and Meng Yao Wang  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 6, pp. 1276-1282 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.24.001276


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (404 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Polarization switching (PS) of two mutually coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are studied numerically. A group of dimensionless rate equations is derived to describe our model. We focus on the influences of coupling rate and frequency detuning on PS dynamics. In the polarization-preserved mutual-injection case, x-polarization mode injection will defer the occurrence of PS, while y-polarization mode injection will lead PS to occur at a lower current. These influences will be weakened by frequency detuning. The effects of polarization-rotated injection are contrary to those of polarization-preserved injection. For polarization-rotated injection, two coupled VCSELs show really different PS characteristics if frequency detuning is nonzero. Besides in the L–I curves, we also find a region of values of the injection current where one laser emits in pure polarization mode, and the other laser emits in the orthogonal direction.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.4310) Integrated optics : Nonlinear
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(190.4390) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, integrated optics
(230.5440) Optical devices : Polarization-selective devices
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 22, 2006
Manuscript Accepted: February 8, 2007
Published: May 17, 2007

Citation
Wei Li Zhang, Wei Pan, Bin Luo, Xiao Feng Li, Xi Hua Zou, and Meng Yao Wang, "Polarization switching of mutually coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1276-1282 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-6-1276


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. Iga, "Surface-emitting laser--its birth and generation of new optoelectronics field," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1201-1215 (2000). [CrossRef]
  2. X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, and D. Ma, "Multi-transverse-mode dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical injection," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1292-1301 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, "Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Commun. 201, 129-137 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: theory and experimental," Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Arteaga, H. J. Unold, J. M. Ostermann, R. Michalzik, and H. Thienpont, "Investigation of polarization properties of VCSELs subject to optical feedback from an extremely short external cavity--part I: theoretical analysis," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 89-101 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kejima, M. T. Asom, R. E. Leibenguth, G. D. Guth, and M. W. Focht, "Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999-3001 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Sciamannal, K. Panajotov, G. Monticelli, A. Tabaka, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, P. Megret, M. Blondel, S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, and K. A. Shore, "Polarization dynamics in VCSELs subject to optical injection," in Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC, 2003), p. 37.
  8. M. C. Soriano, M. Yousefi, J. Danckaert, S. Barland, M. Romanelli, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, "Low-frequency fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with polarization selective feedback: experiment and theory," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 998-1004 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Masoller and M. S. Torre, "Influence of optical feedback on the polarization switching of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 483-489 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Polarization behavior of birefringent multitransverse mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 557-559 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, "Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274-278 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. M. S. Torre, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, "Polarization and transverse mode dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers under optical injection," in Quantum Electronics Conference (EQEC, 2005), p. 29.
  13. K. Panajotov, M. Scamanna, A. Tabaka, P. Mégret, M. Blondel, G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, "Residence time distribution and coherence resonance of optical-feedback-induced polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 69, 011801 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Scamanna, K. Panajotov, and H. Thienpont, "Optical feedback induces polarization mode hopping in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1543-1545 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 619-624 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. C. R. Mirasso, M. Kolesik, M. Matus, J. K. White, and J. V. Moloney, "Synchronization and multimode dynamics of mutually coupled semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 65, 013805 (2001). [CrossRef]
  17. F. Rogister and J. García-Ojalvo, "Symmetry breaking and high-frequency periodic oscillations in mutually coupled laser diodes," Opt. Lett. 28, 1176-1178 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Heil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, "Chaos synchronization and spontaneous symmetry-breaking in symmetrically delay-coupled semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 795-798 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Erzgräber, D. Lenstra, B. Krauskopf, E. Wille, M. Peil, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Mutually delay-coupled semiconductor lasers: mode bifurcation scenarios," Opt. Commun. 255, 286-296 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Yanchuk, A. Stefanski, T. Kapitaniak, and J. Wojewoda, "Dynamics of an array of mutually coupled semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016209 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. W. L. Zhang, W. Pan, B. Luo, X. H. Zou, and M. Y. Wang, "Chaos synchronization in polarization selective mutually coupled semiconductor lasers," Chin. J. Lasers 34, 55-60 (2007).
  22. N. Fujiwara, Y. Takiguchi, and J. Ohtsubo, "Observation of the synchronization of chaos in mutually injected vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Opt. Lett. 28, 1677-1679 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. Vicente, J. Mulet, C. R. Mirasso, and M. Sciamanna, "Bistable polarization switching in mutually coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Lett. 31, 996-998 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. Vicente and C. R. Mirasso, "Dynamics of mutually coupled VCSELs," in Proceedings of SPIE, Physics and Simulations of Optoelectronic Devices XII, Proc. SPIE 5349, 331-338 (2004).
  25. K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, "Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661-666 (1995). [CrossRef]
  26. M. S. Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, "Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728-1739 (1995). [CrossRef]
  27. R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 347-355 (1980). [CrossRef]
  28. J. M. Regalado, F. Prati, M. S. Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, "Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 713-736 (1997).
  29. X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, and D. Ma, "Mismatch robustness and security of chaotic optical communications based on injection-locking chaos synchronization," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 953-960 (2006). [CrossRef]
  30. W. L. Zhang, W. Pan, B. Luo, M. Y. Wang, and X. H. Zou, "Synchronization performance comparison of VCSEL with two different feedback chaos schemes," Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, 979-984 (2005). [CrossRef]
  31. B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, "Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106-2113 (1999). [CrossRef]
  32. W. L. Zhang, W. Pan, B. Luo, M. Y. Wang, and X. H. Zou, "Polarization Dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with Optical Feedback," Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 45, 114202 (2006). [CrossRef]
  33. S. Bandyopadhyay, Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "VCSEL polarization control by optical injection," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2395-2404 (2003). [CrossRef]
  34. N. Shibasaki, A. Uchida, S. Yoshimori, and P. Davis, "Characteristics of chaos synchronization in semiconductor lasers subject to polarization-rotated optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 342-350 (2006). [CrossRef]
  35. Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, "Suppression of polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by use of optical feedback," Opt. Lett. 29, 2763-2765 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited