OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2007
  • pp: 1542–1548

Near-field imaging of surfaces with Gaussian distribution of carriers

V. Lozovski, V. Vasilenko, G. Tarasov, Yu. Mazur, and G. Salamo  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 7, pp. 1542-1548 (2007)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (424 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A method for calculation of near-field images of semiconductor surfaces with an inhomogeneous electron distribution is proposed. The method is based on linear response theory. As a result, the solution of the Lippman–Schwinger equation for a self-consistent field is presented via the effective susceptibility. Near-field images of a modulation-doped n-type GaAs surface subjected to illumination with pulses of a strongly focused laser beam are calculated. The developed approach is universal and applicable for the analysis of experimental data on time-resolved near-field microscopy.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2990) Imaging systems : Image formation theory
(180.5810) Microscopy : Scanning microscopy

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: December 22, 2006
Revised Manuscript: February 14, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: February 15, 2007
Published: June 15, 2007

V. Lozovski, V. Vasilenko, G. Tarasov, Yu. Mazur, and G. Salamo, "Near-field imaging of surfaces with Gaussian distribution of carriers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1542-1548 (2007)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D.W.Pohl and D.Courjon, eds., Near Field Optics (Kluwer, 1993).
  2. J.-J. Greffet and R. Carminati, "Image formation in near-field optics," Prog. Surf. Sci. 56, 133-237 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Paesler and P. J. Moyer, Near Field Optics (Wiley, 1996).
  4. C. Girard and A. Dereux, "Near-field optics theories," Rep. Prog. Phys. 59, 657-699 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Girard, C. Joachim, and S. Gauthier, "The physics of the near-field," Rep. Prog. Phys. 63, 893-938 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Near-field optics of nanostructured surfaces," in Optics of Nanostructured Materials, V.M.Markel and T.F.George, eds. (Wiley, 2001), pp. 73-142.
  7. J. Levy, V. Nikitin, J. M. Kikkawa, A. Cohen, N. Samarth, R. Garcia, and D. D. Awschalom, "Spatiotemporal near-field spin microscopy in patterned magnetic heterostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1948-1951 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. B. Stark, U. Mohideen, E. Betzig, and R. E. Slusher, "Time-resolved nonlinear near-field optical microscopy of semiconductor microdisks," in Ultrafast Phenomena IX, Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer, 1996), pp. 349-350.
  9. A. Richter, M. Süptitz, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Ramsteiner, R. Nötzel, and K. H. Ploog, "Time-resolved near-field optics: exciton transport in semiconductor nanostructures," J. Microsc. 194, 393-400 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Richter, G. Behme, M. Süptitz, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, M. Ramsteiner, R. Nötzel, and K. H. Ploog, "Real-space transfer and trapping of carriers in a single GaAs quantum wire studied by near-field optical spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2145-2148 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. Ch. Lienau, A. Richter, G. Behme, M. Süptitz, D. Heinrich, T. Elsaesser, M. Ramsteiner, R. Nötzel, and K. H. Ploog, "Nanoscale mapping of confinement potentials in single semiconductor quantum wires by near-field optical spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B 58, 2045-2049 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. V. Emiliani, T. Guenther, and Ch. Lienau, "Ultrafast near-field spectroscopy of quasi-one-dimensional transport in a single quantum wire," Phys. Rev. B 61, R10583-R10586 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. S. I. Bozhevolnyi and V. Z. Lozovski, "Self-consistent model for second-harmonic near-field microscopy," Phys. Rev. B 61, 11139-11150 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. V. Lozovski, Yu. Nazarok, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Near-field imaging of pyramid-like nano-particles at a surface," Physica E (Amsterdam) 11, 323-331 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. S. I. Bozhevolnyi and V. Z. Lozovski, "Second harmonic scanning optical microscopy of individual nanostructures," Phys. Rev. B 65, 235420 (2002). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Hanewinkel, A. Knorr, P. Thomas, and S. W. Koch, "Optical near-field response of semiconductor quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 55, 13715-13725 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. B. Hanewinkel, A. Knorr, P. Thomas, and S. W. Koch, "Near-field dynamics of excitonic wave packets in semiconductor quantum wells," Phys. Rev. B 60, 8975-8983 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Castiaux, C. Girard, A. Dereux, O. J. F. Martin, and J. P. Vigneron, "Electrodynamics in complex systems: application to near-field probing of optical microresonators," Phys. Rev. E 54, 5752-5760 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. O. J. F. Martin and N. B. Piller, "Electromagnetic scattering in polarizable backgrounds," Phys. Rev. E 58, 3909-3915 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Paulus and O. J. F. Martin, "Green's tensor technique for scattering in 2D stratified media," Phys. Rev. E 63, 066615 (2001). [CrossRef]
  21. V. Emiliani, T. Guenther, Ch. Lienau, R. Nötzel, and K. H. Ploog, "Femtosecond near-field spectroscopy: carrier relaxation and transport in single quantum wires," J. Microsc. 202, 229-240 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. A. Abrikosov, L. P. Gor'kov, and I. Ye. Dzyaloshinskii, Quantum Field Theoretical Methods in Statistical Physics (Pergamon, 1965).
  23. E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii, Statistical Physics, Part 2, Vol. 9 of Course of Theoretical Physics (Pergamon, 1980).
  24. O. Keller, M. Xiao, and S. Bozhevolnyi, "Configurational resonances in optical near-field microscopy: a rigorous point-dipole approach," Surf. Sci. 280, 217-230 (1993). [CrossRef]
  25. A. A. Maradudin and D. L. Mills, "Scattering and absorption of electromagnetic radiation by a semi-infinite medium in the presence of surface roughness," Phys. Rev. B 11, 1392-1415 (1975). [CrossRef]
  26. J. M. Elson and R. H. Ritchie, "Diffuse scattering and surface plasmon generation at a rough dielectric surface," Phys. Status Solidi B 62, 461-469 (1974). [CrossRef]
  27. O. Keller, "Local fields in the electrodynamics of mesoscopic media," Phys. Rep. 268, 85-262 (1996). [CrossRef]
  28. J. Van Bladel, "Some remarks on Green's dyadic for infinite space," IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-9, 563-566 (1961). [CrossRef]
  29. A. D. Yaghjian, "Electric dyadic Green's functions in the source region," Proc. IEEE 68, 248-263 (1980). [CrossRef]
  30. A. Lakhtakia, "Macroscopic theory of the coupled dipole approximation method," Opt. Commun. 79, 1-5 (1990). [CrossRef]
  31. Ch. Adelmann, J. Hetzler, G. Scheiber, Th. Schimmel, M. Wegener, H. B. Weber, and H. v. Löhneysen, "Experiments on the depolarization near-field scanning optical microscope," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 179-181 (1999). [CrossRef]
  32. G. von Freymann, Ch. Adelmann, G. Scheiber, Th. Schimmel, and M. Wegener, "The depolarization near-field scanning optical microscope: comparison of experiment and theory," J. Microsc. 194, 491-494 (1999). [CrossRef]
  33. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, W. Langbein, and J. M. Hvam, "Polarization contrast in reflection near-field optical microscopy with uncoated fibre tips," J. Microsc. 194, 500-506 (1999). [CrossRef]
  34. O. J. F. Martin "3D simulations of the experimental signal measured in near-field optical microscopy," J. Microsc. 194, 235-239 (1999). [CrossRef]
  35. T. Guenther, V. Emiliani, F. Intonti, Ch. Lienau, T. Elsaesser, R. Nötzel, and K. H. Ploog, "Femtosecond near-field spectroscopy of a single GaAs quantum wire," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3500-3502 (1999). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited