OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2147–2156

Influence of pulsed and cw pumping on optical nonlinear parameters of laser dyes probed by a closed-aperture Z-scan technique

Umakanta Tripathy and Prem B. Bisht  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 9, pp. 2147-2156 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.24.002147


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (313 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Two dye pairs suitable for energy transfer along with a photostable dye have been studied by using the closed-aperture (CA) Z-scan technique under pulsed and cw pumping. Here we use a theoretical model to elucidate the refractive and absorptive nonlinearity present simultaneously in the CA Z-scan profile. A separate open-aperture (OA) Z-scan study has been carried out to compare the nonlinear absorption parameters obtained from the CA Z-scan technique. At a fixed pumping wavelength, values of optical nonlinear parameters increase with the absorbance of dyes. It is found that the sign of refractive nonlinearity is dependent on the irradiance and the pulse width of the pump beam. In addition to the contribution of the third-order optical nonlinearity, various other mechanisms such as fifth-order nonlinearity, population relaxation to triplet states, and thermal effects are discussed here.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(190.4870) Nonlinear optics : Photothermal effects

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 27, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 2, 2007
Published: August 7, 2007

Citation
Umakanta Tripathy and Prem B. Bisht, "Influence of pulsed and cw pumping on optical nonlinear parameters of laser dyes probed by a closed-aperture Z-scan technique," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2147-2156 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-9-2147


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, "A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials," Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299-338 (1993). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. V. Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760-769 (1990). [CrossRef]
  3. T. D. Krauss and F. W. Wise, "Femtosecond measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in CdS, ZnSe, and ZnS," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 1739-1741 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. U. Tripathy, R. J. Rajesh, P. B. Bisht, and A. Subrahmanyam, "Optical nonlinearity of organic dyes as studied by Z-scan and transient grating techniques," Proc.-Indian Acad. Sci., Chem. Sci. 114, 557-564 (2002). [CrossRef]
  5. L. C. Oliveira and S. C. Zilio, "Single-beam time-resolved Z-scan measurements of slow absorbers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2121-2123 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. P. B. Chapple, J. Staromlynska, J. A. Hermann, T. J. Mckay, and R. G. Mcduff, "Single beam Z-scan measurements," J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 6, 251-294 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70, 587-591 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. X. Liu, S. Guo, H. Wang, and L. Hou, "Theoretical study on the closed-aperture Z-scan curves in the materials with nonlinear refraction and strong nonlinear absorption," Opt. Commun. 197, 431-437 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. R. A. Ganeev, R. I. Tugushev, A. A. Ishchenko, N. A. Derevyanko, A. I. Ryasnyansky, and T. Usmanov, "Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of polymethine dyes," Appl. Phys. B 76, 683-686 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. U. Tripathy and P. B. Bisht, "Simultaneous estimation of optical nonlinear refractive and absorptive parameters by solvent induced changes in optical density," Opt. Commun. 261, 353-358 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. U. Tripathy, P. B. Bisht, and K. K. Pandey, "Study of excitation energy migration and transfer in 3,30-dimethyloxacarbocyanine iodide (DMOCI) and o-(6-diethylamino-3-diethylimino-3H-xanthen-9-yl) benzoic acid (RB) in thin films of polyvinyl alcohol," Chem. Phys. 299, 105-112 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. U. Tripathy and P. B. Bisht, "Effect of donor-acceptor interaction strength on excitation energy migration and diffusion at high donor concentrations," J. Chem. Phys. 125, 144502 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. V. Rao, N. K. M. N. Srinivasa, and D. N. Rao, "Nonlinear absorption and excited state dynamics in Rhodamine B studied using Z-scan and degenerate four wave mixing techniques," Chem. Phys. Lett. 361, 439-445 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, 1980) Section 8.8.
  15. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).
  16. H. Toda and C. M. Verber, "Simple technique to reveal a slow nonlinear mechanism in a Z-scan like measurement," Opt. Lett. 17, 1379-1381 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. U. Brackmann, Lamdachrome Laser Dyes (Lamda Physik GmbH, 1986).
  18. J. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, and X. H. Zhang, "Nonlinear optical refractive indices and absorption coefficients of α,β-unsaturated ketone derivatives," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1456-1463 (2001). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Brochard, V. G. Mazza, and R. Cabanel, "Thermal nonlinear refraction in dye solutions: a study of the transient regime," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 405-414 (1997). [CrossRef]
  20. F. P. Schäfer, Dye Lasers (Springer-Verlag, 1990), Chap. 1.
  21. R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Dekker, 2003). [CrossRef]
  22. W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, S. Dong, D. Wang, and G. M. Gray, "Characterization of the third-order nonlinearity of [(CH3-TXP)Cd]Cl," M.Lawson, ed., Proc. SPIE 3798, 107-116 (1999).
  23. T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Sence, E. W. V. Stryland, J. W. Perry, and D. R. Coulter, "Direct measurement of nonlinear absorption and refraction in solutions of phthalocyanines," Appl. Phys. B 54, 46-51 (1992). [CrossRef]
  24. F. Yoshino, S. Polyakov, M. Liu, and G. Stegeman, "Observation of three-photon enhanced four-photon absorption," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 063902 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Morita, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, M. Turu, and H. Kuroda, "Fifth-order optical nonlinearity of pseudoisocyanine solution at 529 nm," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 282-287 (2004). [CrossRef]
  26. E. M. Ebeid, S. A. El-Daly, and H. Langhals, "Emission characteristics and photostability of N,N′-bis(2,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)-3,4,9,10-perylenebis (dicarboximide)," J. Phys. Chem. 92, 4565-4568 (1988). [CrossRef]
  27. D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond optical Kerr studies on the origin of the nonlinear responses in simple liquids," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 443-454 (1988). [CrossRef]
  28. M. Falconieri and G. Salvetti, "Simultaneous measurement of pure-optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities induced by high-repetition-rate, femtosecond laser pulses: application to CS2," Appl. Phys. B 69, 133-136 (1999). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Samoc, A. Samoc, B. Luther-Davies, M. G. Humphrey, and M.-S. Wong, "Third-order optical nonlinearities of oligomers, dendrimers and polymers derived from solution Z-scan studies," Opt. Mater. 21, 485-488 (2002). [CrossRef]
  30. S. J. Sheldon, L. V. Knight, and J. M. Throne, "Laser-induced thermal lens effect: a new theoretical model," Appl. Opt. 21, 1663-1669 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. M. Falconieri, "Thermo-optical effects in Z-scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1, 662-667 (1999). [CrossRef]
  32. F. L. S. A. Cuppo, A. M. F. Neto, S. L. Gomez, and P. P. Muhoray, "Thermal-lens model compared with the Sheik-Bahae formalism in interpreting Z-scan experiments on lyotropic liquid crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1342-1348 (2002). [CrossRef]
  33. A. Gnoli, L. Razzari, and M. Righini, "Z-scan measurements using high-repetition rate lasers: how to manage thermal effects," Opt. Express 13, 7976-7981 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited