OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2218–2228

Optical spectroscopy, 1.5 μ m emission, and upconversion properties of Er 3 + -doped metaphosphate laser glasses

P. Babu, Hyo Jin Seo, Kyoung Hyuk Jang, R. Balakrishnaiah, C. K. Jayasankar, Ki-Soo Lim, and V. Lavín  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 9, pp. 2218-2228 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.24.002218


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (946 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Metaphosphate glasses doped with five concentrations of Er 3 + ions have been investigated through absorption and emission spectra, decay curves, and upconversion measurements. Judd–Ofelt parameters have been evaluated from absorption spectrum of the 1.0 mol. % Er 3 + -doped glass, which are in turn used to predict radiative properties of some important luminescence levels of Er 3 + ions in these glasses. Gain bandwidths of an optical amplifier have been evaluated and are compared with those of reported Er 3 + :glass systems. Temperature dependence of the 1.5 μ m emission has been studied for the 2.0 mol. % Er 3 + -doped glass from 13 K to room temperature. Lifetimes of the I 13 2 4 level were measured and are found to decrease with concentration of Er 3 + ions after 0.1 mol. % . Concentration quenching of lifetimes has been analyzed using the theory developed by Auzel et al. [ J. Lumin. 94–95, 293 (2001) ; Opt. Mater. 24, 103 (2003) ]. Infrared to visible upconversion was also measured for three concentrations of Er 3 + -doped metaphosphate glasses with 794 nm excitation. A mechanism, involving excited state absorption and energy transfer upconversion, has been proposed to explain the upconversion process.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion
(250.4480) Optoelectronics : Optical amplifiers
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: March 22, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 17, 2007
Published: August 15, 2007

Citation
P. Babu, Hyo Jin Seo, Kyoung Hyuk Jang, R. Balakrishnaiah, C. K. Jayasankar, Ki-Soo Lim, and V. Lavín, "Optical spectroscopy, 1.5μm emission, and upconversion properties of Er3+-doped metaphosphate laser glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2218-2228 (2007)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-9-2218


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. Sun, S. Xu, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, "Intense frequency upconversion fluorescence of Er3+/Yb3+-codoped novel potassium-barium-strontium-lead-bismuth glasses," J. Alloys Compd. 391, 198-201 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Laxmi Kanth, B. V. Ragavaiah, B. Appa Rao, and N. Veeraiah, "Optical absorption, fluorescence and thermoluminescence properties of ZnF2-MO-TeO2 (MO=ZnO,CdO and PbO) glasses doped with Er3+ ions," J. Lumin. 109, 193-205 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Chen, Y. H. Liu, Y. F. Zhou, and Z. H. Jiang, "Spectroscopic properties of Er3+-doped tellurite glass for 1.55μm optical amplifier," J. Alloys Compd. 397, 286-290 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Luo, J. Zhang, J. Sun, S. Lu, and X. Wang, "Spectroscopic properties of tungsten-tellurite glasses doped with Er3+ ions at different concentrations," Opt. Mater. 28, 255-258 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. J. Sun, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, S. Lu, X. Ren, B. Chen, and X. Wang, "Thermal stability and spectral properties of Er3+-doped gadolinium borosilicate glasses," Opt. Mater. 28, 306-309 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Jiang, T. Luo, B. C. Hwang, F. Smekatala, K. Seneschal, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghabarian, "Er3+-doped phosphate glasses for fiber amplifiers with high gain per unit length," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 364-368 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Capek, M. Mika, J. Oswald, P. Tresnakova, L. Salavcova, O. Kolek, J. Schrofel, and J. Spirkova, "Effect of divalent cations on properties of Er3+-doped silicate glasses," Opt. Mater. 27, 331-336 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. P. R. Ehrmann, K. Carlson, J. H. Campbell, C. A. Click, and R. K. Brow, "Neodymium fluorescence quenching by hydroxyl groups in phosphate laser glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 349, 105-114 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. T. I. Suratwala, R. A. Steele, G. D. Wilke, J. H. Campbell, and K. Takeuchi, "Effects of OH content, water vapor pressure, and temperature on sub-critical crack growth in phosphate glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 213-237 (2000). [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, "Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263-264, 318-341 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Jiang, T. Luo, M. Myers, J. Myers, J. Lucas, and N. Peyghambarian, "Phosphate glasses for high average power lasers," Proc. SPIE 3280, 2-13 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. B. R. Judd, "Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions," Phys. Rev. 127, 750-761 (1962). [CrossRef]
  13. G. S. Ofelt, "Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions," J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511-520 (1962). [CrossRef]
  14. L. R. P. Kassab, L. C. Courrol, R. Seragioli, N. U. Wetter, S. H. Tatumi, and L. Gomes, "Er3+ laser transition in PbO-PbF2-B2O3 glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 348, 94-97 (2004). [CrossRef]
  15. M. J. Miniscalco and R. S. Quimby, "General procedure for the analysis of Er3+ cross-sections," Opt. Lett. 16, 258-260 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994).
  17. F. Auzel, F. Bonfigli, S. Gagliari, and G. Baldacchini, "The interplay of self-trapping and self-quenching for resonant transitions in solids; role of a cavity," J. Lumin. 94-95, 293-297 (2001). [CrossRef]
  18. F. Auzel, G. Baldacchini, L. Laversenne, and G. Boulon, "Radiation trapping and self-quenching analysis in Yb3+,Er3+, and Ho3+ doped Y2O3," Opt. Mater. 24, 103-109 (2003). [CrossRef]
  19. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, "Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+,Nd3+,Pm3+,Sm3+,Dy3+,Ho3+,Er3+ and Tm3+," J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424-4442 (1968). [CrossRef]
  20. W. T. Carnall, G. L. Goodman, K. Rajnak, and R. S. Rana, "A systematic analysis of the spectra of the lanthanides doped into single crystal LaF3," J. Chem. Phys. 90, 3443-3457 (1989). [CrossRef]
  21. H. Lin, K. Liu, E. Y. B. Pun, T. C. Ma, X. Peng, Q. D. An, J. Y. Yu, and S. B. Jiang, "Infrared and visible fluorescence in Er3+-doped gallium tellurite glasses," Chem. Phys. Lett. 398, 146-150 (2004). [CrossRef]
  22. W. A. Pisarski, "Spectroscopic analysis of praseodymium and erbium ions in heavy metal fluoride and oxide glasses," J. Mol. Struct. 744-747, 473-479 (2005). [CrossRef]
  23. X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, and X. Zhang, "Up-conversion luminescence and near infrared luminescence of Er3+ in transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics," Opt. Mater. 27, 597-603 (2004). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Jayasimhadri, L. R. Moorthy, K. Kojima, K. Yamamoto, N. Wada, and N. Wada, "Er3+-doped tellurofluorophosphate glasses for lasers and optical amplifiers," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 7705-7715 (2005). [CrossRef]
  25. D. K. Sardar, J. B. Gruber, B. Zandi, J. A. Hutchinson, and C. W. Trussell, "Judd-Ofelt analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in phosphate glass: Er3+,Yb3+," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 2041-2046 (2003). [CrossRef]
  26. C. Gorller-Walrand and K. Binnemans, "Spectral intensities of f-f transitions," in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, K.A.Gschneidner, Jr., and L.Eyring, eds. (North-Holland, 1998), pp. 101-264.
  27. P. Babu, H. J. Seo, K. H. Jang, R. Balakrishnaiah, C. K. Jayasankar, and A. S. Joshi, "Optical spectroscopy and energy transfer in Tm3+-doped metaphosphate laser glasses," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 4859-4876 (2005). [CrossRef]
  28. J. Porque, S. Jiang, B. C. Hwang, V. Fuflyigin, E. Salley, J. Zao, and N. Peyghambarian, "Fluorescence properties of erbium-doped germinate glasses," Proc. SPIE 3942, 60-67 (2000). [CrossRef]
  29. A. Renuka Devi and C. K. Jayasankar, "Optical properties of Er3+ ions in lithium borate and comparative energy level analyses of Er3+ ions in various glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 197, 111-128 (1996). [CrossRef]
  30. L. Petit, T. Cardinal, J. J. Videau, Y. Guyot, G. Boulon, M. Couzi, and T. Buffeteau, "Erbium luminescence properties of niobium-rich oxide glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 2076-2084 (2005). [CrossRef]
  31. H. E. Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, M. Bettinelli, and A. Speghini, "Effect of glass composition on Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative decay rates of Er3+-in fluoride phosphate and phosphate glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240, 66-78 (1998). [CrossRef]
  32. D. K. Sardar, C. C. Russell III, and R. M. Yow, "Spectroscopic analysis of the Er3+(4f11) absorption intensities in NaBi(WO4)2," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 1180-1184 (2004). [CrossRef]
  33. A. A. Kaminskii, Crystalline Lasers: Physical Processes and Operating Schemes (CRC, 1996).
  34. H. Lin, E. Y. B. Pun, S. Q. Man, and X. R. Liu, "Optical transitions and frequency upconversion of Er3+ ions in Na2O∙Ca3Al2Ge3O12 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 602-609 (2001). [CrossRef]
  35. S. Jiang, T. Luo, B-C. Huang, G. Nunzi-Conti, M. Myers, D. Rhonehouse, S. Honhanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "New Er3+-doped phosphate glass for ion exchanged waveguide amplifiers," Opt. Eng. 37, 3282-3286 (1998). [CrossRef]
  36. H. Yamauchi and Y. Ohishi, "Spectroscopic properties of Er3+-doped PbO-Ga2O3-GeO2 glass for optical amplifiers," Opt. Mater. 27, 679-690 (2005). [CrossRef]
  37. R. El-Mallawany, A. Patra, C. S. Friend, R. Kapoor, and P. N. Prasad, "Study of luminescence properties of Er3+-ions in new tellurite glasses," Opt. Mater. 26, 267-270 (2004). [CrossRef]
  38. L. Wetenkamp, G. F. West, and H. Tobben, "Optical properties of rare-earth doped ZBLAN glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 140, 35-40 (1992). [CrossRef]
  39. J. Yang, S. Dai, Y. Zhou, L. Wen, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, "Spectroscopic properties and thermal stability of erbium-doped bismuth-based glass for optical amplifier," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 977-983 (2003). [CrossRef]
  40. R. Francini, F. Giovenale, U. M. Grassano, P. Laporta, and S. Taccheo, "Spectroscopy of Er and Er-Yb-doped phosphate glasses," Opt. Mater. 13, 417-425 (2000). [CrossRef]
  41. S. Shen, M. Naftaly, and A. Jha, "Tungsten-tellurite--a host glass for broadband EDFA," Opt. Commun. 205, 101-105 (2002). [CrossRef]
  42. S. Xu, Z. Yang, S. Dai, J. Yang, L. Hu, and Z. Jiang, "Spectral properties and thermal stability of Er3+-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses for broadband optical amplifier," J. Alloys Compd. 361, 313-319 (2003). [CrossRef]
  43. N. Yamada, S. Shionoya, and T. Kushida, "Phonon-assisted energy transfer between trivalent rare earth ions," J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 32, 1577-1586 (1972). [CrossRef]
  44. M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Luthi, H. U. Gudel, and M. P. Hehlen, "Power dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systems," Phys. Rev. B 61, 3337-3346 (2000). [CrossRef]
  45. R. Balda, A. J. Garcia-Adeva, J. Fernandez, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, "Infrared-to-visible upconversion of Er3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Nb2O5 glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 744-752 (2004). [CrossRef]
  46. K. Annapurna, R. N. Dwivedi, A. Kumar, P. Kundu, B. Karmakar, and A. K. Chaudhuri, "Upconversion green emission and 1.5μm infrared emission in Er3+ doped 60ZnO.20B2O3.19SiO2 glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 43, 20-24 (2002).
  47. M. Takahashi, R. Kanno, Y. Kawamoto, S. Tanabe, and K. Hirao, "Compositional dependence of Er3+ upconversion luminescence in MF-LiF-ZrF4 glasses (M: alkali metals)," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 168, 137-143 (1994). [CrossRef]
  48. X. Zou and T. Izumitani, "Spectroscopic properties and mechanisms of excited state absorption and energy transfer upconversion for Er3+-doped glasses," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 162, 68-80 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited