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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 24, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2007
  • pp: 2343–2348

Light propagation through a coiled optical fiber and Pancharatnam phase

Rajendra Bhandari  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 24, Issue 9, pp. 2343-2348 (2007)

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The nature of changes in the interference pattern caused by the presence of polarization-changing elements in one or both beams of an interferometer, in particular those caused by an effective optical activity due to passage of a polarized beam through a coiled optical fiber, are clarified. It is pointed out that, for an incident state that is not circularly polarized so that the two interfering beams go to different polarization states, there is an observable nonzero Pancharatnam phase shift between them that depends on the incident polarization state and on the solid angle subtended by the track of the k vector at the center of the sphere of k vectors. The behavior of this phase shift is singular when the two interfering states are nearly orthogonal. It is shown that, for zero path difference between the two beams, the amplitude of intensity modulation as a function of optical activity is independent of the incident polarization state.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(350.1370) Other areas of optics : Berry's phase

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

Original Manuscript: April 4, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: May 14, 2007
Published: August 23, 2007

Rajendra Bhandari, "Light propagation through a coiled optical fiber and Pancharatnam phase," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2343-2348 (2007)

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Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

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