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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 25, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2008
  • pp: 1678–1683

Configurationally locked, phenolic polyene organic crystal 2-{3-(4-hydroxystyryl)-5,5-dimethylcyclohex-2-enylidene}malononitrile: linear and nonlinear optical properties

Christoph Hunziker, Seong-Ji Kwon, Harry Figi, Flurin Juvalta, O-Pil Kwon, Mojca Jazbinsek, and Peter Günter  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 25, Issue 10, pp. 1678-1683 (2008)

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We show that the organic polyene crystal 2-{3-(4-hydroxystyryl)-5,5-dimethylcyclohex-2-enylidene}malononitrile (OH1) is a new material with excellent nonlinear optical and electro-optical properties. The principal refractive indices and the absorption constants have been determined over a broad wavelength range from 0.6 to 2.2 μ m . OH1 shows a large birefringence of Δ n > 0.55 and a low absorption of α < 1 cm 1 in a large wavelength range between 800 and 1400 nm . Furthermore, the nonlinear optical tensor elements d 333 = 120 ± 10 pm V , d 223 = 13 ± 2 pm V , and d 322 = 8.5 ± 2 pm V have been determined by the Maker-fringe technique at the fundamental wavelength of 1.9 μ m . The electro-optic coefficients r 333 , r 223 , and r 113 have been measured at the wavelengths of 633, 785, 1064, and 1319 nm , and it is shown that the dispersion can be described by a one-oscillator model. OH1 is a promising material for nonlinear optical and electro-optical applications due to the large nonlinear coefficient d 333 , the large electro-optic coefficient r 333 = 109 ± 4 pm V at 632.8 nm , the favorable crystal growth properties, as well as the orthorhombic crystal symmetry (point group m m 2 ), which renders crystal preparation and orientation much simpler than in most organic nonlinear optical crystals.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.2100) Materials : Electro-optical materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4400) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, materials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: May 14, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: July 15, 2008
Published: September 18, 2008

Christoph Hunziker, Seong-Ji Kwon, Harry Figi, Flurin Juvalta, O-Pil Kwon, Mojca Jazbinsek, and Peter Günter, "Configurationally locked, phenolic polyene organic crystal 2-{3-(4-hydroxystyryl)-5,5-dimethylcyclohex-2-enylidene}malononitrile: linear and nonlinear optical properties," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1678-1683 (2008)

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