OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 25, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2008
  • pp: 1756–1762

Self-deflection suppression of bright spatial solitons in periodically poled photovoltaic photorefractive crystals

H. Cui, B. Z. Zhang, and W. L. She  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 25, Issue 10, pp. 1756-1762 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (742 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The propagation behavior of bright spatial solitons in periodically poled photovoltaic (PV) photorefractive (PR) crystals is investigated by considering the diffusion effect. Our analysis indicates that the diffusion effect is modulated by the periodic domain inversion structure (PDIS) of PV PR crystal and therefore can be managed by designing PDIS. By employing numerical integration and perturbation analysis, we find that the self-deflection of the bright soliton beam arising from diffusion effect can be suppressed in PV PR crystals with an appropriate PDIS.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: May 30, 2008
Revised Manuscript: August 15, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: August 17, 2008
Published: September 26, 2008

H. Cui, B. Z. Zhang, and W. L. She, "Self-deflection suppression of bright spatial solitons in periodically poled photovoltaic photorefractive crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1756-1762 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. Y. Chiao, E. Garmire, and C. H. Townes, “Self-trapping of optical beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 13, 479-482 (1964). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Desyatnikov and Y. S. Kivshar, “Spatial optical solitons and soliton clusters carrying an angular momentum,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, S58-S65 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, B. Crosignani, P. DiPorto, and A. Yariv, “Steady-state spatial screening solitons in photorefractive materials with external applied field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3211-3214 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. N. Christodoulides and M. I. Carvalho, “Bright, dark, and gray spatial soliton states in photorefractive media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1628-1633 (1995). [CrossRef]
  5. M. I. Carvalho, S. R. Singh, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Self-deflection of steady-state bright spatial solitons in biased photorefractive crystals,” Opt. Commun. 120, 311-315 (1995). [CrossRef]
  6. M. I. Carvalho, M. Facão, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Self-bending of dark and gray photorefractive solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 76, 016602 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. M. F. Shih, P. Leach, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, G. Salamo, and G. C. Valley, “Two-dimensional steady-state photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 324-326 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Petter, C. Weilnau, C. Denz, A. Stepken, and F. Kaiser, “Self-bending of photorefractive solitons,” Opt. Commun. 170, 291-297 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. M. Chauvet, V. Coda, H. Maillotte, E. Fazio, and G. Salamo, “Large self-deflection of soliton beams in LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1977-1979 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Pismennaya, O. Kashin, V. Matusevich, A. Kiessling, and R. Kowarschik, “Beam self-trapping and self-bending dynamics in a strontium barium niobate crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 136-139 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Chen, M. Mitchell, M. F. Shih, M. Segev, M. H. Garrett, and G. C. Valley, “Steady-state dark photorefractive screening solitons,” Opt. Lett. 21, 629-631 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Segev, G. C. Valley, M. C. Bashaw, M. Taya, and M. M. Fejer, “Photovoltaic spatial solitons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1772-1781 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. W. L. She, K. K. Lee, and W. K. Lee, “Observation of two-dimensional bright photovoltaic spatial solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3182-3185 (1999). [CrossRef]
  14. W. L. She, K. K. Lee, and W. K. Lee, “All optical quasi-steady-state photorefractive spatial solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2498-2501 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. L. She, C. C. Xu, B. Guo, and W. K. Lee, “Formation of photovoltaic bright spatial soliton in photorefractive LiNbO3 crystal by a defocused laser beam induced by a background laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2121-2126 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. J. S. Liu and K. Q. Lu, “Screening-photovoltaic spatial solitons in biased photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals and their self-deflection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 550-555 (1999). [CrossRef]
  17. E. Fazio, F. Renzi, R. Rinaldi, M. Bertolotti, M. Chauvet, W. Ramadan, A. Petris, and V. I. Vlad, “Screening-photovoltaic bright solitons in lithium niobate and associated single-mode waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2193-2195 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. X. S. Wang and W. L. She, “Spontaneous one- and two-dimensional optical spatial solitons supported by photoisomerization nonlinearity in a bulk polymer,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 026601 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Belić, Ph. Jander, A. Strinić, A. Desyatnikov, and C. Denz, “Self-trapped bidirectional waveguides in a saturable photorefractive medium,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 025601 (2003). [CrossRef]
  20. K. Q. Lu, W. Zhao, Y. L. Yang, Y. Yang, X. M. Liu, Y. P. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, “Soliton-induced waveguides in photorefractive photovoltaic materials,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2137-2151 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. W. Królikowski, N. Akhmediev, B. Luther-Davies, and M. Cronin-Golomb, “Self-bending photorefractive solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 5761-5765 (1996). [CrossRef]
  22. F. Kh. Abdullaev, J. G. Caputo, R. A. Kraenkel, and B. A. Malomed, “Controlling collapse in Bose-Einstein condensates by temporal modulation of the scattering length,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 013605 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. V. Zharnitsky and D. Pelinovsky, “Averaging of nonlinearity-managed pulses,” Chaos 15, 037105 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. C. N. Liu, T. Morishita, and S. Watanabe, “Time-dependent hyperspherical studies for a two-dimensional attractive Bose-Einstein condensate,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023604 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Centurion, M. A. Porter, P. G. Kevrekidis, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinearity management in optics: experiment, theory, and simulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 033903 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. N. J. Smith, F. M. Knox, N. J. Doran, K. J. Blow, and I. Bennion, “Enhanced power solitons in optical fibres with periodic dispersion management,” Electron. Lett. 32, 54-55 (1996). [CrossRef]
  27. B. A. Malomed and A. Berntson, “Propagation of an optical pulse in a fiber link with random-dispersion management,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1243-1251 (2001). [CrossRef]
  28. E. Poutrina and G. P. Agrawal, “Design rules for dispersion-managed soliton systems,” Opt. Commun. 206, 193-200 (2002). [CrossRef]
  29. J. Atai and B. A. Malomed, “Spatial solitons in a medium composed of self-focusing and self-defocusing layers,” Phys. Lett. A 298, 140-148 (2002). [CrossRef]
  30. H. Sakaguchi and B. A. Malomed, “Resonant nonlinearity management for nonlinear Schrödinger solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 066613 (2004). [CrossRef]
  31. A. Ciattoni, E. DelRe, C. Rizza, and A. Marini, “Tailoring wave nonlinearity through spatial composites,” arXiv:0804.3687v1 (2008).
  32. X. N. Shen, J. H. Zhao, Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, and H. C. Chen, “Domain fixing process in Cu, Mn-doped KNSBN crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3801, 233-239 (1999). [CrossRef]
  33. B. Sturman, M. Aguilar, F. Agulló-López, V. Pruneri, and P. G. Kazansky, “Photorefractive nonlinearity of periodically poled ferroelectrics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2641-2649 (1997). [CrossRef]
  34. S. Odoulov, T. Tarabrova, A. Shumelyuk, I. I. Naumova, and T. O. Chaplina, “Photorefractive response of bulk periodically poled LiNbO3:Y:Fe at high and low spatial frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3294-3297 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited