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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 25, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2008
  • pp: C1–C14

Slow-light regime and critical coupling in highly multimode corrugated waveguides

H. Kurt, H. Benisty, T. Melo, O. Khayam, and C. Cambournac  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 25, Issue 12, pp. C1-C14 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.25.0000C1


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Abstract

Large and periodically corrugated optical waveguide structures are shown to possess specific modal regimes of slow-light propagation that are easily attainable. The very multimode nature of the coupling is studied by employing coupled-mode theory and the plane-wave expansion method. Given a large enough light cone, associated with a surrounding medium with low enough refractive index, we notably identify a critical slowdown regime with an interesting bandwidth-slowdown product. Essential features of these original systems are further explored: the nature of the coupled modes, the role of gain, symmetry effects, polarization, and relation with photonic-crystal systems. Practical systems are introduced using finite-difference time-domain methods, which provides first-order rules for the use of the above phenomena and their implementation in devices.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1940) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(130.5296) Integrated optics : Photonic crystal waveguides
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Slow Light in Coupled Resonators and Waveguides

History
Original Manuscript: April 21, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 2, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 6, 2008
Published: July 30, 2008

Citation
H. Kurt, H. Benisty, T. Melo, O. Khayam, and C. Cambournac, "Slow-light regime and critical coupling in highly multimode corrugated waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, C1-C14 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-25-12-C1


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  35. We believe that the extent of slowdown in (k,ω) space is akin to the issue of the natural radius of Fabry-Perot modes (rFP~λ×thickness×finesse), which is itself tightly related to Fresnel zones (r~λ×distance), that is, to the generic quadratic transverse behavior of transverse phase lags off an unfolded reference path). We may, along the same line, conjecture that thickness tolerances would be similar to those of high-finesse Fabry-Perot resonators, demanding thickness variations of less than δW=λ/2/finesse but with a precise finesse definition depending on the frequency span and thus on the number of oscillations being exploited.

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