OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 25, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2008
  • pp: 645–650

Optical solitary waves in three-level media: effects of different dipole moments

A. S. Rosenthal and Talal Ghannam  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 25, Issue 4, pp. 645-650 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (265 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The exact electric polarization operator of the Maxwell–Bloch equations for a three-level Λ-type system is derived without assuming equality of the transition dipole moments. Numerical solution of the resulting solitary wave equations yields a richer spectrum than found earlier for identical dipole moments [ Hioe and Grobe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2559 (1994) ]. The two components of the new solitary waves each have a zero-pulse area and take the form of modulated oscillations.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons
(190.5530) Nonlinear optics : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: April 18, 2007
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: November 14, 2007
Published: March 31, 2008

A. S. Rosenthal and Talal Ghannam, "Optical solitary waves in three-level media: effects of different dipole moments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 645-650 (2008)

Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. L. McCall and E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457-485 (1969). [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Konopnicki and J. H. Eberly, “Simultaneous propagation of short different-wavelength optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 24, 2567-2583 (1981). [CrossRef]
  3. F. T. Hioe and R. Grobe, “Matched optical solitary waves for three- and five-level systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2559-2562 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Q.-H. Park and H. J. Shin, “Systematic construction of multicomponent optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 61, 3093-3106 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Eleuch and R. Bennaceur, “An optical soliton pair among absorbing three-level atoms,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 28-533 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. N. A. Ansari, L. N. Towers, Z. Jovanoski, and H. H. Sidhu, “A semi-classical approach to two-frequency solitons in a three-level cascade atomic system,” Opt. Commun. 274, 66-73 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Ghannam, “Optical solitons in three-level media,” M.S. thesis (Western Michigan University, 2003), QC 9999.G53x.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited