OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 25, Iss. 7 — Jul. 1, 2008
  • pp: B44–B49

Temporal characterization of a time-compensated monochromator for high-efficiency selection of extreme-ultraviolet pulses generated by high-order harmonics

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 25, Issue 7, pp. B44-B49 (2008)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (350 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Ultrafast extreme-ultraviolet pulses are spectrally selected by a time-delay-compensated grating monochromator. The intrinsic very short duration of the pulses is obtained by exploiting the high-order harmonic generation process. The temporal characterization of the harmonic pulses is obtained using a cross-correlation method: pulses as short as 8 fs are measured at the output of the monochromator in the case of the 23rd harmonic. This value is in agreement with the expected duration of such pulses, indicating that the influence of the monochromator is negligible. The photon flux has been measured with a calibrated photodiode, pointing out the good efficiency of the monochromator, derived by the exploitation for the two gratings of the conical diffraction mounting.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.7100) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast measurements

ToC Category:
High-field Short Wavelengths

Original Manuscript: November 30, 2007
Manuscript Accepted: January 30, 2008
Published: April 25, 2008

L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, "Temporal characterization of a time-compensated monochromator for high-efficiency selection of extreme-ultraviolet pulses generated by high-order harmonics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B44-B49 (2008)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Jaeglé, Coherent Sources of XUV Radiation (Springer, 2006).
  2. H. Kapteyn, O. Cohen, I. Christov, and M. Murnane, “Harnessing attosecond science in the quest for coherent x-rays,” Science 317, 775-778 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. B. Corkum and F. Krausz, “Attosecond science,” Nat. Phys. 3, 381-387 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and I. P. Christov, “Extreme nonlinear optics: coherent x rays from lasers,” Phys. Today 58(3), 39-46 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. A. L'Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. Wahlström, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91-98 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullkson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft x-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95-98 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Wieland, R. Frueke, T. Wilhein, C. Spielmann, M. Pohl, and U. Kleinenberg, “Submicron extreme ultraviolet imaging using high-harmonic radiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2520-2522 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. A.-S. Morlens, J. Gautier, G. Rey, Ph. Zeitoun, J.-P. Caumes, M. Kos-Rosset, H. Merdji, S. Kazamias, K. Cassou, and M. Fajardo, “Submicrometer digital in-line holographic microscopy at 32 nm with high-order harmonics,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3095-3097 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Nagata, K. Furusawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Single-shot spatial-coherence measurement of 13 nm high-order harmonic beam by a Young's double-slit measurement,” Opt. Lett. 32, 722-724 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. A. Akhmanov, V. A. Vysloukh, and A. S. Chirkin, Optics of Femtosecond Laser Pulses (American Institute of Physics, 1992).
  11. I. Walmsley, L. Waxer, and C. Dorrer, “The role of dispersion in ultrafast optics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 1-29 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Villoresi, “Compensation of optical path lengths in extreme-ultraviolet and soft-x-ray monochromators for ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Opt. 38, 6040-6051 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. L. Poletto, “Time-compensated grazing-incidence monochromator for extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 1013-1016 (2004). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Pascolini, S. Bonora, A. Giglia, N. Mahne, S. Nannarone, and L. Poletto, “Gratings in the conical diffraction mounting for an EUV time-delay compensated monochromator,” Appl. Opt. 45, 3253-3562 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Poletto and P. Villoresi, “Time-compensated monochromator in the off-plane mount for extreme-ultraviolet ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Opt. 45, 8577-8585 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assisted photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468-2471 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. E. S. Toma, H. G. Muller, P. M. Paul, P. Breger, M. Cheret, P. Agostini, C. Le Blanc, G. Mullot, and G. Cheriaux, “Ponderomotive streaking of the ionization potential as a method for measuring pulse durations in the XUV domain with fs resolution,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 061801(R) (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. V. Véniard, R. Taïeb, and A. Maquet, “Phase dependence of (N+1)-color (N>1) IR-UV photoionization of atoms with higher harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 721-728 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Mairesse and F. Quéré, “Frequency-resolved optical gating for complete reconstruction of attosecond bursts,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 011401(R) (2005). [CrossRef]
  21. L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “Intense femtosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses by using a time-delay-compensated monochromator,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2897-2899 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Yu. Ivanov, A. L'Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117-2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411 (2004). [CrossRef]
  24. J. A. R. Samson and D. L. Ederer, Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, 2nd ed. (Academic, 1998).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited