OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry M. Van Driel
  • Vol. 25, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2008
  • pp: 1393–1401

Nonlinear switching using long-period gratings in As 2 Se 3 chalcogenide fiber

Hong C. Nguyen, Dong-Il Yeom, Eric C. Mägi, Boris T. Kuhlmey, C. Martijn de Sterke, and Benjamin J. Eggleton  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 25, Issue 8, pp. 1393-1401 (2008)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.25.001393


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (635 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present detailed experimental and numerical analyses of nonlinear all-optical switching in long-period gratings (LPGs) in As 2 Se 3 chalcogenide fiber. We characterize the nonlinear propagation of picosecond pulses through the LPG and observe nonlinear switching at optical peak powers around 55 W . This is 2 orders of magnitude lower than previously demonstrated in silica fibers, owing to the very strong Kerr nonlinearity in As 2 Se 3 chalcogenide glass. The results are discussed in the context of applications in passively mode-locked lasers and all-optical regenerators.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: March 20, 2008
Revised Manuscript: June 23, 2008
Manuscript Accepted: June 29, 2008
Published: July 31, 2008

Citation
Hong C. Nguyen, Dong-Il Yeom, Eric C. Mägi, Boris T. Kuhlmey, C. Martijn de Sterke, and Benjamin J. Eggleton, "Nonlinear switching using long-period gratings in As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1393-1401 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-25-8-1393


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, “Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58-65 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. K. O. Hill, B. Malo, K. A. Vineberg, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and I. Skinner, “Efficient mode conversion in telecommunication fiber using externally written gratings,” Electron. Lett. 26, 1270-1272 (1990). [CrossRef]
  3. P. F. Wysocki, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, M. Andrejco, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “Broad-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier flattened beyond 40 nm using long-period grating filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1343-1345 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. D. B. Stegall and T. Erdogan, “Dispersion control with use of long-period fiber gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 304-312 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. S. W. James and R. P. Tatam, “Optical fibre long-period grating sensors: characteristics and application,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R49-R61 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Savin, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, and H. J. Shaw, “Tunable mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings,” Opt. Lett. 25, 710-712 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Pudo, E. C. Mägi, and B. J. Eggleton, “Long-period gratings in chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 3763-3766 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. S. Kim, S. H. Yun, I. K. Kwang, and B. Y. Kim, “All-fiber acousto-optic tunable notch filter with electronically controllable spectral profile,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1476-1478 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. I. C. M. Littler, L. B. Fu, E. C. Mägi, D. Pudo, and B. J. Eggleton, “Widely tunable, acousto-optic resonances in chalcogenide As2Se3 fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 8088-8095 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. H. Yun, B. W. Lee, H. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, “Dynamic erbium-doped fiber amplifier based on active gain flattening with fiber acoustooptic tunable filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1229-1231 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. H. S. Park, K. Y. Song, S. H. Yun, and B. K. Kim, “All-fiber wavelength-tunable acoustooptic switches based on intermodal coupling in fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1864-1868 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Jung, S. B. Lee, B. H. Lee, and K. Oh, “Acoustooptic tunable gap-type bandpass filter with a broad stopband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1331-1333 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. K. J. Lee, D. I. Yeom, and B. Y. Kim, “Narrowband, polarization insensitive all-fiber acousto-optic tunable bandpass filter,” Opt. Express 15, 2987-2992 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark, and A. M. Vengsarkar, “All-optical switching in long-period fiber gratings,” Opt. Lett. 22, 883-885 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. N. Kutz, B. J. Eggleton, J. B. Stark, and R. E. Slusher, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in long-period fiber gratings: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1232-1245 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Intrachat and J. N. Kutz, “Theory and simulation of passive modelocking dynamics using a long-period fiber grating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1572-1578 (2003). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Grujic, H. C. Nguyen, M. R. E. Lamont, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, “All-optical regeneration based on a nonlinear long period grating,” Opt. Commun. 281, 1280-1285 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. R. E. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1146-1155 (2004). [CrossRef]
  19. J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Highly nonlinear As-S-Se glasses for all-optical switching,” Opt. Lett. 27, 119-121 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. J. M. Harbold, F. O. Ilday, F. W. Wise, and B. G. Aitken, “Highly nonlinear Ge-As-Se and Ge-As-S-Se glasses for all-optical switching,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 822-824 (2002). [CrossRef]
  21. V. G. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, L. B. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits,” Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. C. Nguyen, K. Finsterbusch, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, “Dispersion in nonlinear figure of merit of As2Se3 chalcogenide fibre,” Electron. Lett. 42, 571-572 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, and M. J. Andrejco, “2-photon absorption as a limitation to all-optical switching,” Opt. Lett. 14, 1140-1142 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. R. E. Lamont, M. Rochette, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, “Two-photon absorption effects on self-phase-modulation-based 2R optical regeneration,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1185-1187 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. M. Asobe, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glass fibers and their application to all-optical switching,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 142-148 (1997). [CrossRef]
  26. H. C. Nguyen, D. I. Yeom, E. C. Mägi, L. B. Fu, B. T. Kuhlmey, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, “Nonlinear long-period gratings in As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber for all-optical switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 101127 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic, 1999).
  28. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, Third ed. (Academic, 2001).
  29. S. Jensen, “The nonlinear coherent coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1580-1583 (1982). [CrossRef]
  30. H. E. Engan, B. Y. Kim, J. N. Blake, and H. J. Shaw, “Propagation and optical interaction of guided acoustic-waves in 2-mode optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 428-436 (1988). [CrossRef]
  31. L. B. Fu, M. Rochette, V. G. Ta'eed, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, “Investigation of self-phase modulation based optical regeneration in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber,” Opt. Express 13, 7637-7644 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. RSoft Design Group Inc., FemSIM 2.0 (2007).
  33. E. C. Mägi, L. B. Fu, H. C. Nguyen, M. R. E. Lamont, D. I. Yeom, and B. J. Eggleton, “Enhanced Kerr nonlinearity in sub-wavelength diameter As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber tapers,” Opt. Express 15, 10324-10329 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. K. Finsterbusch, N. Baker, V. G. Weed, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davis, “Long-period gratings in chalcogenide As2S3 rib waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1094-1095 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited