OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry Van Driel
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2009
  • pp: 1999–2006

Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor layers with nanometric and micrometric thickness

Stefka Cartaleva, Solomon Saltiel, Armen Sargsyan, David Sarkisyan, Dimitar Slavov, Petko Todorov, and Kapka Vaseva  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 26, Issue 11, pp. 1999-2006 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.26.001999


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (692 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The saturation behavior of absorption and fluorescence spectra on the D 2 line of Cs is presented, demonstrating a significant difference between open and closed transitions. Cs vapor is confined in an extremely thin cell (ETC) with widely tunable thickness L = ( 0.5 3 ) λ , where λ is the light wavelength. In the saturation regime, the closed transition demonstrates enhanced absorption in a narrow spectral interval due to the Dicke effect, while the open one demonstrates only a velocity-selective dip in the absorption. The fluorescence of open transitions shows reduced fluorescence dips, enhancing their contrast with ETC thickness. The closed transition exhibits only a small plateau around the optical transition center. Applying two-level theoretical modeling based on optical Bloch equations, a qualitative agreement with experimental observations is achieved. The rate of contrast enhancement with cell thickness is larger for the theoretical than for the experimental dips. In addition, for the closed transition a tiny peak in the fluorescence is theoretically predicted, with the first experimental confirmation presented. The sub-Doppler spectra of vapor layers with a thickness of several light wavelengths show potential for realization of precise frequency references and photonics sensors.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.1670) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherent optical effects
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic
(300.6240) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent transient

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: June 2, 2009
Revised Manuscript: August 22, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 24, 2009
Published: October 5, 2009

Citation
Stefka Cartaleva, Solomon Saltiel, Armen Sargsyan, David Sarkisyan, Dimitar Slavov, Petko Todorov, and Kapka Vaseva, "Sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor layers with nanometric and micrometric thickness," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1999-2006 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-26-11-1999


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. H. Romer and R. H. Dicke, “New technique for high resolution microwave spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. 99, 532-536 (1955). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Detection of slow atoms in laser spectroscopy of a thin vapor film,” Europhys. Lett. 35, 337-342 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Briaudeau, S. Saltiel, G. Nihenius, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Coherent Doppler narrowing in a thin vapor cell: observation of the Dicke regime in optical domain,” Phys. Rev. A 57, R3169-R3172 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy by sub micron thin Cs vapor layer,” Opt. Commun. 200, 201-208 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Collapse and revival of Dicke type coherent narrowing in a sub-micron-thick vapor cell transmission spectroscopy,” Europhys. Lett. 63, 35-41 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Yu. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Spectroscopy in an extremely thin cell: comparing the cell length dependence in fluorescence and in absorption techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, S. M. Saltiel, D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Saturation effects in sub-Doppler spectroscopy of cesium vapor confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013837 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, C. Leroy, P. Moroshkin, and A. Weis, “Dependence of the cesium absorption D1 linewidth on the thickness of atomic vapor column,” J. Contemp. Phys. 43, 7-12 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, A. Papoyan, Y. Pashayan-Leroy, P. Moroshkin, A. Weis, A. Khanbekyan, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Saturated absorption spectroscopy: elimination of crossover resonances by use of a nanocell,” Laser Phys. 18, 749-755 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. K. A. Nasyrov, “Classical description of angular-momentum motion due to optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043406 (2001). [CrossRef]
  11. F. Renzoni, C. Zimmermann, P. Verkerk, and E. Arimondo, “Enhanced absorption Hanle effect on the Fg=F-->Fe=F+1 closed transitions,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 3, S7-S14 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Todorov, K. Vaseva, S. Cartaleva, D. Slavov, I. Maurin, and S. Saltiel, “Absorption and fluorescence in saturation regime of Cs-vapor layer with thickness close to the light wavelength,” Proc. SPIE 7027, 1-8 (2008).
  13. H. Tajalli, S. Ahmadi, and A. Ch. Izmailov, “New sub-Doppler absorption resonances in a thin gas cell produced by means of a running monochromatic wave,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 4, 208-214 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. S. Briaudeau, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, “Sub-Doppler spectroscopy in thin film of resonance vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3723-3735 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Andreeva, A. Atvars, M. Auzinsh, K. Bluss, S. Cartaleva, L. Petrov, and D. Slavov, “Ground-state magneto-optical resonances in cesium vapour confined in an extremely thin cell,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 063804 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, and K. Nasyrov, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited