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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry Van Driel
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2009
  • pp: 2007–2015

Analysis of one-dimensional high-index guiding photonic bandgap waveguides

Jie Li and Kin Seng Chiang  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 26, Issue 11, pp. 2007-2015 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.26.002007


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Abstract

We present a detailed analysis of the guided modes of a one-dimensional photonic bandgap (PBG) waveguide that consists of a high-index guiding layer placed between two identical Bragg reflectors. Using a zigzag wave model, we calculate the modal characteristics of the waveguide including dispersion curves, field distributions, cutoff conditions, and confinement factors. We also investigate the effects of truncating the Bragg reflectors with either a high- or a low-index medium on the modal characteristics of the waveguide. The study provides a rigorous discussion of the two guiding mechanisms in the waveguide, namely index guiding and bandgap guiding. The results are useful not only for the design of PBG slab waveguides but also for a better understanding of the more complicated two-dimensional structures of the same nature, such as photonic crystal fibers and waveguides, which are not amenable to rigorous analytical studies.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(230.4170) Optical devices : Multilayers
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: June 10, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: August 25, 2009
Published: October 5, 2009

Citation
Jie Li and Kin Seng Chiang, "Analysis of one-dimensional high-index guiding photonic bandgap waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2007-2015 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-26-11-2007


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