OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry Van Driel
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 11 — Nov. 1, 2009
  • pp: 2084–2088

Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section in Nd 3 + : Y V O 4 crystals

Giorgio Turri, Hans P. Jenssen, Francesco Cornacchia, Mauro Tonelli, and Michael Bass  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 26, Issue 11, pp. 2084-2088 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (331 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Spectroscopic properties of neodymium-doped yttrium orthovanadate crystals were measured in the temperature range between 5 and 350 K . Crystals fabricated by different suppliers, with 0.3 and 1 at % Nd 3 + , were compared. For each temperature, the stimulated emission cross sections of the Nd 3 + F 3 2 4 decay to the I 9 2 4 , I 11 2 4 , and I 13 2 4 states were obtained using the Fuchtbauer–Ladenburg and the reciprocity techniques. Nd : Y V O 4 shows higher absorption at room temperature and higher stimulated emission cross section with similar variation with temperature when compared with Nd:YAG. The anomalous dependence on temperature of the Nd 3 + F 3 2 4 excited-state lifetime is discussed and an explanation is suggested.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(140.3530) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, neodymium
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: July 24, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: September 4, 2009
Published: October 16, 2009

Giorgio Turri, Hans P. Jenssen, Francesco Cornacchia, Mauro Tonelli, and Michael Bass, "Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section in Nd3+:YVO4 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2084-2088 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999).
  2. F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorge, M. T. Cohen-Adad, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, “Comparative optical characterization of various Nd3+:YVO4 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 193-204 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. O. Guillot-Noël, B. Viana, B. Bellamy, D. Gourier, G. B. Zogo-Mboulou, and S. Jandl, “Spectroscopic evidence of inhomogeneous distribution of Nd3+ in YVO4, YPO4 and YAsO4 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 427-437 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. Kh. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, A. A. Kaminskii, and V. I. Popov, “Absorption, luminescence and stimulated emission of YVO4-Nd3+ crystals,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 13, 516-518 (1968).
  5. J. G. Sliney Jr., K. M. Leung, M. Birnabaum, and A. W. Tucker, “Lifetimes of the F3/24 state in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3778-3779 (1979). [CrossRef]
  6. J. R. O'Connor, “Unusual crystal-field energy levels and efficient laser properties of YVO4:Nd,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 407-409 (1966). [CrossRef]
  7. R. J. Pressley, P. V. Goedertier, and H. Weakliem, “MBT 70 laser materials research and exploratory development,” Technical Report for RCA Laboratories (Princeton, NJ, 1969).
  8. Z. Y. Zhang, K. T. V. Grattan, A. W. Palmer, and B. T. Meggitt, “Potential for temperature sensor applications of highly neodymium-doped crystals and fiber at up to approximately 1000°C,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2759-2763 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. R. D. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, “Investigation of the spectroscopic properties of Nd:YVO4,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers (ASSL) Conference, Vol. 68 of 2002 OSA TOPS (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuB17.
  10. Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Spectroscopic properties of neodymium-doped yttrium orthovanadate single crystals with high-resolution measurement,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 41, 5999-6002 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Sato and T. Taira, “Comparative study on the spectroscopic properties of Nd:GdVO4 and Nd:YVO4 with hybrid process,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 613-620 (2005). [CrossRef]
  12. A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Stimulated emission cross sections of Nd:YVO4 and Nd:La2Be2O5(BeL),” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3067-3068 (1981). [CrossRef]
  13. A. W. Tucker, M. Birnbaum, C. L. Fincher, and J. W. Erler, “Stimulated-emission cross section at 1064 and 1342 nm in Nd:YVO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 48, 4907-4911 (1977). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, and V. Magni, “High-power diffraction-limited Nd:YVO4 lasers at 1.34 μm with compact resonators,” Proc. SPIE 4969, 58-69 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Sennaroglu, “Efficient continuous-wave operation of a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser at 1342 nm,” Opt. Commun. 164, 191-197 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Zhou, B. Zhang, X. Ding, Z. Cai, W. Wen, P. Wang, and J. Yao, “Continuous-wave operation at 1386 nm in an diode-end-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 13, 5818-5824 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. F. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 925-930 (1982). [CrossRef]
  18. A. Brignon, G. Feugnet, J. P. Huignard, and J.-P. Pocholle, “Compact Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 amplifiers end-pumped by a high-brightness stacked array,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 577-585 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. J. Dong, A. Rapaport, M. Bass, F. Szipocs, and K. Ueda, “Temperature-dependent stimulated emission cross section and concentration quenching in highly doped Nd3+:YAG crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 202, 2565-2573 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, E. Cavalli, E. Bovero, and N. Magnani, “Optical spectroscopy of SrWO4:Nd3+ single crystals,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, 6867-6876 (2004). [CrossRef]
  21. T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517-5522 (1978). [CrossRef]
  22. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. D. K. Sardar and R. M. Yow, “Stark components of F3/24, I9/24 and I11/24 manifold energy levels and effects of the temperature on the laser transition of Nd3+ in YVO4,” Opt. Mater. 14, 5-11 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited