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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry Van Driel
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 12 — Dec. 1, 2009
  • pp: 2347–2356

Quantum diffraction of biphotons at a blazed grating

Martin Ostermeyer, Dirk Puhlmann, and Dietmar Korn  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 26, Issue 12, pp. 2347-2356 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.26.002347


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Abstract

Correlations between photons are interesting for a number of applications and concepts in metrology, in particular for resolution improvements in different methods of quantum imaging. We demonstrate the application of a blazed grating for the characterization of the degree of spatial correlation of biphotons. The biphotons are generated by type II parametric downconversion. Compared to an ordinary transmission grating, a blazed grating shows a high diffraction efficiency only for a single order of diffraction. Thus, higher intensities in the Fraunhofer far field behind the grating, and easier photon counting, can be achieved. The distribution of the two-photon rate in the Fraunhofer far field of the blazed grating can show one additional order of diffraction with a visibility related to the degree of correlation of the biphotons. The number of spatial modes that are populated by the biphoton beam can be directly altered in our experiments. The relation of the spatial mode order of the photon propagation to the observable degree of spatial correlation of the biphotons is investigated and related to the Schmidt number of spatially entangled modes.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(270.4180) Quantum optics : Multiphoton processes

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 17, 2009
Revised Manuscript: September 19, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: October 9, 2009
Published: November 18, 2009

Citation
Martin Ostermeyer, Dirk Puhlmann, and Dietmar Korn, "Quantum diffraction of biphotons at a blazed grating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2347-2356 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-26-12-2347


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