OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry Van Driel
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2009
  • pp: 819–829

Analysis of energy transfers between Tb 3 + and Yb 3 + codoped in borosilicate glasses

Tatsuya Yamashita and Yasutake Ohishi  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 26, Issue 4, pp. 819-829 (2009)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1303 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Energy transfer analyses are performed on Tb 3 + and Yb 3 + codoped in borosilicate glasses to assess their potential as gain media for green lasers and amplifiers under the 0.98 μ m band pumping. Based on experimental observations using the samples highly codoped with Tb 3 + and Yb 3 + , a rate equation model of energy transfers between Tb 3 + and Yb 3 + is constructed considering the four types of energy transfers processes; (i) the cooperative energy transfer upconversion, (ii) the phonon-assisted energy transfer from Tb 3 + to Yb 3 + , (iii) the cooperative cross relaxation, and (iv) the phonon-assisted energy transfer from Yb 3 + to Tb 3 + . The rate equation model can simulate the experimental emission dynamics of Tb 3 + and Yb 3 + codoped samples well. It is clarified that a practical signal gain at 0.54 μ m can be obtained in Tb 3 + Yb 3 + codoped fiber under the 0.98 μ m band pumping.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.4480) Lasers and laser optics : Optical amplifiers
(140.5680) Lasers and laser optics : Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers
(160.3380) Materials : Laser materials
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(140.3613) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, upconversion

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: February 10, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 10, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: February 13, 2009
Published: March 26, 2009

Tatsuya Yamashita and Yasutake Ohishi, "Analysis of energy transfers between Tb3+ and Yb3+ codoped in borosilicate glasses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 819-829 (2009)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. T. Yamashita and Y. Ohishi, “Concentration and temperature effects on spectroscopic properties of Tb3+-doped borosilicate glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 123107 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Yamashita and Y. Ohishi, “Optical amplification at 0.54 μm by Tb3+-doped fluoride fiber,” Electron. Lett. 43, 88-89 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Yamashita and Y. Ohishi, “Amplification and lasing characteristics of Tb3+-doped fluoride fiber,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 46, L991-L993 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. G. R. Atkins and A. L. G. Carter, “Photodarkening in Tb3+-doped phosphosilicate and germanosilicate optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 874-876 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Xie, “Laser-induced photochoromic effect in Tb3+-doped silica fibers,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1970-1971 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.) 104, 139-173 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. L. D. Livanova, I. G. Saitkulov, and A. L. Stolov, “Summation processes for quanta in CaF2 and SrF2 single crystals activated with Tb3+ and Yb3+ ions,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 11, 750-754 (1969).
  8. F. W. Ostermayer and L. G. Van Uitert, “Cooperative energy transfer from Yb3+ to Tb3+ in YF3,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 4208-4212 (1970). [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Noginov, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahadi, “Two-step upconversion luminescence in Yb:Tb:YSGG crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 735-741 (1996). [CrossRef]
  10. G. M. Salley, R. Valiente, and H. U. Gudel, “Phonon-assisted cooperative sensitization of Tb3+ in SrCl2: Yb, Tb,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14, 5461-5475 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. L. de S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, C. B. de Arajo, and Y. Messaddeq, “Phonon-assisted cooperative energy transfer and frequency upconversion in a Yb3+/Tb3+ codoped fluoroindate glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 863-866 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Huang, G. Qin, Y. Arai, R. Jose, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, T. Yamashita, and Y. Akimoto, “Crystallization kinetics and spectroscopic investigations on Tb3+ and Yb3+ codoped glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 102, 093506 (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Yamashita and Y. Ohishi, “Cooperative energy transfer between Tb3+ and Yb3+ ions codoped in borosilicate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1883-1890 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. T. Holstein, S. K. Lyo, and R. Orbach, “Excitation transfer in disordered systems,” in Laser Spectroscopy of Solids, W.M.Yen and P.M.Selzer, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1986), Chap. 2, 39-82.
  15. T. Komiyama, “Energy transfer in Eu3+-Yb3+ and Tb3+-Yb3+ system in glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18, 107-118 (1975). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Miyakawa and D. L. Dexter, “Phonon sidebands, multiphonon relaxation of excited states, and phonon-assisted energy transfer between ions in solids,” Phys. Rev. B 1, 2961-2969 (1970). [CrossRef]
  17. D. L. Dexter, “Possibility of luminescent quantum yields greater than unity,” Phys. Rev. 108, 630-633 (1957). [CrossRef]
  18. V. Sudarasan, V. K. Shrikhande, G. P. Kothiyal, and S. K. Kulshreshta, “Structural aspects of B2O3-substituted (PbO)0.5(SiO2)0.5 glasses,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14, 6553-6565 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. P. McMillan, “Structural studies of silicate glasses and melts--applications and limitations of Raman spectroscopy,” Am. Mineral. 69, 622-644 (1984).
  20. J. L. Kennedy and N. Djeu, “Energy transfer in rare earth doped Y3Al5O12 at very high temperature,” J. Lumin. 101, 147-153 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. E. Maurice, G. Monnom, B. Dussardier, and D. B. Ostrowsky, “Clustering-induced nonsaturable phenomenon in heavily erbium-doped silica fibers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2487-2489 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. A. Sefler, W. Daniel Mack, G. C. Valley, and T. S. Rose, “Secondary energy transfer and non-participatory Yb3+ ions in Er3+-Yb3+ high-power amplifier fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1740-1748 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited