OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry Van Driel
  • Vol. 26, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2009
  • pp: A66–A73

Broadband terahertz detection with selected gases

Xiaofei Lu, Nicholas Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 26, Issue 9, pp. A66-A73 (2009)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.26.000A66


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (527 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a combined theoretical and experimental investigation of the detection of pulsed terahertz waves via field-induced second-harmonic generation in gaseous media. The effects of the probe pulse energy, bias field strength, nonlinear susceptibility of the gases, phase matching, and focusing conditions of the terahertz and optical beams are discussed. The analytical calculation, which is based on a Gaussian-beam approximation, allows for the easy identification of the parameters important for the sensitivity of the terahertz gas sensor. A figure of merit is introduced to characterize the sensitivity of gases. The experimental results are found to be in good agreement with the calculation.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.1880) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Detection
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(040.2235) Detectors : Far infrared or terahertz

History
Original Manuscript: February 17, 2009
Revised Manuscript: April 21, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: May 26, 2009
Published: June 25, 2009

Citation
Xiaofei Lu, Nicholas Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, "Broadband terahertz detection with selected gases," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, A66-A73 (2009)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-26-9-A66


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. Hamster, A. Sullivan, S. Gordon, W. White, and R. W. Falcone, “Subpicosecond, electromagnetic pulses from intense laser-plasma interaction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2725-2728 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Intense terahertz pulses by four-wave rectification in air,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1210-1212 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Rokos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1120-1122 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent control of THz wave generation in ambient air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2805-2807 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Strong enhancement of THz radiation from laser filament in air by a static electric field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, “Coherent control of terahertz supercontinuum generation in ultrafast laser-gas interactions,” Nat. Photonics 2, 605-609 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. N. Karpowicz and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent terahertz echo of tunnel ionization in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Kampfrath, J. Nötzold, and M. Wolf, “Sampling of broadband terahertz pulses with thick electro-optic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 231113 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Kono, M. Tani, P. Gu, and K. Sakai, “Detection of up to 20 THz with a low-temperature grown GaAs photoconductive antenna gated with 15 fs light pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4104-4106 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire 'terahertz gap',” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. X. Lu, N. Karpowicz, Y. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, “Systematic study of broadband terahertz gas sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 261106 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Nahata and T. F. Heinz, “Detection of freely propagating terahertz radiation by use of optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. 23, 67-69 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “THz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221-228 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. R. S. Finn and J. F. Ward, “DC-induced optical second-harmonic generation in the inert gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 285-289 (1971). [CrossRef]
  17. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Free-space electro-optic sampling of terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523-3525(1995). [CrossRef]
  18. Edited by D.R.Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics , 80th ed. (CRC, 1999).
  19. A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 73, 287-290 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. D. P. Shelton, “Nonlinear-optical susceptibilities of gases measured at 1063 and 1319 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 2578-2592 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 1992).
  22. J. P. Hermann and J. Ducuing, “Third-order polarizabilities of long-chain molecules,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5100-5102 (1974). [CrossRef]
  23. K. C. Rustagi and J. Ducuing, “Third-order optical polarizability of conjugated organic molecules,” Opt. Commun. 10, 258-261 (1974). [CrossRef]
  24. D. A. Kleinman, A. Ashkin, and G. D. Boyd, “Second-harmonic generation of light by focused laser beams,” Phys. Rev. 145, 338-379 (1966). [CrossRef]
  25. J. A. Armstong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918-1939 (1962). [CrossRef]
  26. J. F. Ward and G. H. C. New, “Optical third harmonic generation in gases by a focused laser beam,” Phys. Rev. 185, 57-72 (1969). [CrossRef]
  27. L. G. Gouy, “Sur une propréité nouvelle des ondes lumineuses,” C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 110, 1251-1253 (1890).
  28. L. G. Gouy,“Sur la propagation anomale des ondes,” Ann. Chim. Phys. 24, 145-213 (1891).
  29. S. A. Korff and G. Breit, “Optical dispersion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 4, 471-503 (1932). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited