OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2010
  • pp: 107–111

Mechanisms of femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification of poly(methyl methacrylate)

Alexandra Baum, Patricia J. Scully, Walter Perrie, Dun Liu, and Valerio Lucarini  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 107-111 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.27.000107


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (380 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The mechanisms of refractive index change in poly(methyl methacrylate) by frequency doubled femtosecond laser pulses are investigated. It is demonstrated that positive refractive index modificaton can be caused by a combination of depolymerization and crosslinking.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(350.3390) Other areas of optics : Laser materials processing
(350.3450) Other areas of optics : Laser-induced chemistry

ToC Category:
Materials

History
Original Manuscript: September 24, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 13, 2009
Published: December 24, 2009

Citation
Alexandra Baum, Patricia J. Scully, Walter Perrie, Dun Liu, and Valerio Lucarini, "Mechanisms of femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification of poly(methyl methacrylate)," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 107-111 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-27-1-107


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Zoubir, C. Lopez, M. Richardson, and K. Richardson,“Femtosecond laser fabrication of tubular waveguides in PMMA,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1840-1842 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Ohta, M. Kamata, M. Obara, and N. Sawanobori, “Optical waveguide fabrication in new glasses and PMMA with temporally tailored ultrashort laser,” Proc. SPIE 5340, 172-178 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. C. Wochnowski, Y. Cheng, K. Meteva, K. Sugioka, K. Midorikawa, and S. Metev, “Femtosecond-laser induced formation of grating structures in planar polymer substrates,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 493-501 (2005). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Sowa, W. Watanabe, T. Tamaki, J. Nishii, and K. Itoh, “Symmetric waveguides in PMMA fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 291-297 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Watanabe, S. Sowa, T. Tamaki, K. Itoh, and J. Nishii, “Three-dimensional waveguides fabricated in PMMA by a femtosecond laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L765-L767 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Hirono, M. Kasuya, K. Matsuda, Y. Ozeki, K. Itoh, H. Mochizuki, and W. Watanabe, “Increasing diffraction efficiency by heating phase gratings formed by femtosecond laser irradiation in polymethyl methacrylate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241122 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Baum, P. J. Scully, M. Basanta, C. L. P. Thomas, P. R. Fielden, N. J. Goddard, W. Perrie, and P. R. Chalker, “Photochemistry of refractive index structures in PMMA by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 190-192 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. D. Liu, Laser Group, Department of Engineering, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GQ, UK; and Z. Kuang, W. Perrie, P. J. Scully, A. Baum, S. P. Edwardson, E. Fearon, G. Dearden, and K. G. Watkins are preparing a manuscript to be called “High speed ultrafast 3D refractive index micro-structuring of poly(methyl methacrylate).”
  9. C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, “Bulk heating of transparent materials using a high-repetition-rate femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. A: Solids Surf. 76, 351-354 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. R. Vieweg and F. Esser, Kunststoff-Handbuch Band 4, Polymethacrylate--Herstellung, Eigenschaften, Verarbeitung und Anwendung (Carl Hanser, 1975). [PubMed]
  11. S. Kuper and M. Stuke, “Ablation of uv-transparent materials with femtosecond uv excimer laser-pulses,” Microelectron. Eng. 9, 475-480 (1989). [CrossRef]
  12. A. K. Baker and P. E. Dyer, “Refractive-index modification of PMMA thin-films by KrF-laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. A: Solids Surf. 57, 543-544 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. V. Lucarini, J. J. Saarinen, K. E. Peiponen, and E. M. Vartiainen, Kramers-Kronig Relations in Optical Materials (Springer, 2005).
  14. D. W. van Krevelen, Properties of Polymers: Their Estimation and Correlation with Chemical Structure, 2nd ed. (Elsevier, 1976).
  15. H. Looyenga, “Dielectric constants of heterogeneous mixtures,” Physica (Amsterdam) 31, 401-406 (1965). [CrossRef]
  16. J. Marotz, “Holographic storage in sensitized poly (methyl methacrylate) blocks,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 37, 181-187 (1985). [CrossRef]
  17. G. B. Blanchet, P. Cotts, and C. R. Fincher, “Incubation: Subthreshold ablation of poly-(methyl methacrylate) and the nature of the decomposition pathways,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2975-2978 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. S. D. Smith, T. E. Long, and J. E. McGrath, “Thermogravimetric analysis of poly(alkyl methacrylates) and poly(methylmethacrylate-g-dimethyl siloxane) graft copolymers,” J. Polym. Sci. A 32, 1747-1753 (1994). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Süske, T. Scharf, H.-U. Krebs, E. Panchenko, T. Junkers, M. Egorov, M. Buback, and H. Kijewski, “Tuning of cross-linking and mechanical properties of laser-deposited poly (methyl methacrylate) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 1-4 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Nagai, “Infrared spectra of stereoregular polymethyl methacrylate,” J. Polym. Sci. 7, 1697-1714 (1963).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited