OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2010
  • pp: 118–127

Spectral engineering of semiconductor Fabry–Perot laser cavities in the weakly and strongly perturbed regimes

Göran Adolfsson, Jörgen Bengtsson, and Anders Larsson  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 1, pp. 118-127 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (569 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



By inserting index perturbations at certain positions along a semiconductor Fabry–Perot laser cavity the threshold gain for one or several of the longitudinal cavity modes can be selectively lowered to facilitate, e.g., single-mode or two-color operation. Previous design methods were limited to a fairly small number of perturbations, leading to only weakly perturbed cavities and thus a limited freedom in tailoring the spectral properties of the laser. In our approach we fully account for all multiple-reflection events and use a search space that permits any distribution of the locations and lengths of the perturbations. We are therefore able to design cavities with almost arbitrary spectral properties with very low threshold gain values for, e.g., the lasing modes of a two-color cavity. Constraining the design by reducing the geometrical freedom, which can be used to increase the smallest feature size to simplify fabrication, we seamlessly approach the weakly perturbed regime while maintaining much of the freedom for spectral engineering.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.3490) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, distributed-feedback
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(230.4555) Optical devices : Coupled resonators

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: August 31, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 27, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 29, 2009
Published: December 24, 2009

Göran Adolfsson, Jörgen Bengtsson, and Anders Larsson, "Spectral engineering of semiconductor Fabry-Perot laser cavities in the weakly and strongly perturbed regimes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 118-127 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Corbett and D. McDonald, “Single longitudinal mode ridge waveguide 1.3 μm Fabry-Perot laser by modal perturbation,” Electron. Lett. 31, 2181-2182 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Erni, M. Spühler, and J. Fröhlich, “Evolutionary optimization of non-periodic coupled-cavity semiconductor laser diodes,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 30, 287-303 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. S. O'Brien and E. O'Reilly, “Theory of improved spectral purity in index patterned Fabry-Perot lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 1-3 (2005).
  4. S. O'Brien, A. Amann, R. Fehse, S. Osborne, E. O'Reilly, and J. Rondinelli, “Spectral manipulation in Fabry-Perot lasers: perturbative inverse scattering approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1046-1056 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O'Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O'Gorman, “−40°C<T<95°C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at λ=1.3 μm,” Electron. Lett. 45, 43-45 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Osborne, S. O'Brien, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, J. Patchell, B. Kelly, J. O'Gorman, and E. O'Reilly, “Two-colour Fabry-Perot laser with terahertz primary mode spacing,” Electron. Lett. 43, 224-225 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. S. Hoffmann, M. Hofmann, E. Bründermann, M. Havenith, M. Matus, J. Moloney, A. Moskalenko, M. Kira, S. Koch, S. Saito, and K. Sakai, “Four-wave mixing and direct terahertz emission with two-color semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3585-3587 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Osborne, S. O'Brien, E. O'Reilly, P. Huggard, and B. Ellison, “Generation of CW 0.5 THz radiation by photomixing the output of a two-colour 1.49 μm Fabry-Perot diode laser,” Electron. Lett. 44, 296-297 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Othonos, “Fiber Bragg gratings,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 4309-4341 (1997). [CrossRef]
  10. S. O'Brien, S. Osborne, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, E. O'Reilly, L. Barry, P. Anandarajah, J. Patchell, and J. O'Gorman, “Inverse scattering approach to multiwavelength Fabry-Perot laser design,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063814 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Osborne, S. O'Brien, K. Buckley, R. Fehse, A. Amann, J. Patchell, B. Kelly, D. Jones, J. O'Gorman, and E. O'Reilly, “Design of single-mode and two-color Fabry-Perot lasers with patterned refractive index,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1157-1163 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. B. Jennison, J. Allebach, and D. Sweeney, “Efficient design of direct-binary-search computer-generated holograms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 652-660 (1991). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Bengtsson, “Design of fan-out kinoforms in the entire scalar diffraction regime with an optimal-rotation-angle method,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8435-8444 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited