OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2010
  • pp: 2087–2094

Photoexcitation of Yb-doped aluminosilicate fibers at 250 nm: evidence for excitation transfer from oxygen deficiency centers to Yb 3 +

C. G. Carlson, K. E. Keister, P. D. Dragic, A. Croteau, and J. G. Eden  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 10, pp. 2087-2094 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (711 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Emission spectra in the 240 1100   nm wavelength region as well as the temporally resolved decay of Yb 3 + and point defect spontaneous emission have been recorded when aluminosilicate optical fibers doped with Yb are irradiated with 160   fs laser pulses having a central wavelength of 250   nm ( ω = 5   eV ) . Photoexcitation of the fibers in this region of the deep ultraviolet (UV) provides access simultaneously to the Type II Si oxygen deficiency center (ODC), the non-bridging oxygen hole center (NBOHC: an oxygen-excess defect), and the Ge ODC. Emission from all of these defects in the ultraviolet and/or visible is observed, as is intense fluorescence at 976 nm from Yb 3 + . Absorption measurements conducted in the 230 265   nm region with a sequence of UV light-emitting diodes reveal a continuum peaking at 248 nm and having a spectral width of 18   nm (FWHM), confirming that the 250 nm laser pump is photoexciting predominantly the ODC. The temporal histories of the optically active defect and rare earth ion emission waveforms, in combination with time-integrated spectra, suggest that the Si ODC(II) triplet state directly excites Yb 3 + as well as at least one other intrinsic defect in the silica network. Prolonged exposure of the Yb-doped fibers to 250 nm radiation yields increased Yb 3 + , NBOHC, and Si ODC(II) singlet emission which is accompanied by a decline in Si ODC(II) triplet fluorescence, thus reinforcing the conclusion—drawn on the basis of luminescence decay constants—that the triplet state of Si ODC(II) is the immediate precursor to the NBOHC and is partially responsible for Yb ion emission at 976 nm. This conclusion is consistent with the observation that exposure of fiber to 5 eV radiation slightly suppresses ODC absorption in the 240 255   nm region while simultaneously introducing an absorption continuum extending from 260 nm to below 235 nm ( ω 5.28   eV ) . These results suggest that ODC E center conversion assumes a role in excitation transfer to Yb 3 + .

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2300) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber measurements
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(160.2290) Materials : Fiber materials
(300.2530) Spectroscopy : Fluorescence, laser-induced

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 24, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 19, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 21, 2010
Published: September 21, 2010

C. G. Carlson, K. E. Keister, P. D. Dragic, A. Croteau, and J. G. Eden, "Photoexcitation of Yb-doped aluminosilicate fibers at 250 nm: evidence for excitation transfer from oxygen deficiency centers to Yb3+," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 2087-2094 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. V. Amossov and A. O. Rybaltovsky, “Oxygen-deficient centers in silica glasses: a review of their properties and structure,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 179, 75–83 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. L. Skuja, “Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 16–48 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. J. J. Koponen, M. J. Soderlund, H. J. Hoffman, and S. K. T. Tammela, “Measuring photodarkening from single-mode ytterbium doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 11539–11544 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. I. Manek-Hönninger, J. Boullet, T. Cardinal, F. Guillen, S. Ermeneux, M. Podgorski, R. Bello Doua, and F. Salin, “Photodarkening and photobleaching of an ytterbium-doped silica double-clad LMA fiber,” Opt. Express 15, 1606–1611 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Ropke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: Experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express 15, 14838–14843 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Yoo, C. Basu, A. J. Boyland, C. Sones, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and D. Payne, “Photodarkening in Yb-doped aluminosilicate fibers induced by 488 nm irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1626–1628 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Engholm, L. Norin, and D. Åberg, “Strong UV absorption and visible luminescence in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass under UV excitation,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3352–3354 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Preventing photodarkening in ytterbium-doped high power fiber lasers: correlation to the UV-transparency of the core glass,” Opt. Express 16, 1260–1268 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. B. Neustruev, “Colour centers in germanosilicate glass and optical fibers,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 6, 6901–6936 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Meinardi and A. Paleari, “Native and radiation-induced photoluminescent defects in SiO2: Role of impurities,” Phys. Rev. B 58, 3511–3514 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Trukhin, J. Jansons, and K. Truhins, “Luminescence of silica glass containing aluminum oxide,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 80–86 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. P. D. Dragic, C. G. Carlson, and A. Croteau, “Characterization of defect center luminescence in Yb-doped silica fibers; Part I: NBOHC,” Opt. Express 16, 4688–4697 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Engholm and L. Norin, “Comment on ‘Photodarkening in Yb-doped aluminosilicate fibers induced by 488 nm irradiation’,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1216 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Yoo, C. Basu, A. J. Boyland, C. Sones, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, and D. Payne, “Reply to comment on ‘Photodarkening in Yb-doped aluminosilicate fibers induced by 488 nm irradiation’,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1217–1218 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. A. J. Cohen, “Neutron specific color center in fused silica and an impurity band of identical wavelength,” Phys. Rev. 105, 1151–1155 (1957). [CrossRef]
  16. V. A. Gritsenko, A. V. Shaposhnikov, G. M. Zhidomirov, and M. Roger, “Two fold coordinated silicon atom: a hole trap in SiO2,” Solid State Commun. 121, 301–304 (2002). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Garapon, L. Favaro, and B. Poumellec, “Computed paramagnetic properties for an E′ center produced from the twofold coordinated Si or Ge in silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 605–609 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. A. V. Kir'yanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, I. L. Martinez, A. S. Kurkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Cooperative luminescence and absorption in ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at λ=980 nm with a regard to the ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect,” Opt. Express 14, 3981–3992 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. Arai, H. Imai, J. Isoya, H. Hosono, Y. Abe, and H. Imagawa, “Evidence for pair generation of an E′ center and a nonbridging oxygen-hole center in γ-ray-irradiated fluorine-doped low-OH synthetic silica glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 10818–10821 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. H. Imai, K. Arai, J. Isoya, H. Hosono, Y. Abe, and H. Imagawa, “Generation of E′ centers and oxygen hole centers in synthetic silica glasses by γ irradiation,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 3116–3123 (1993). [CrossRef]
  21. J. Nishii, K. Fukumi, H. Yamanaka, K. Kawamura, H. Hosono, and H. Kawazoe, “Photochemical reactions in GeO2SiO2 glasses induced by ultraviolet irradiation: Comparison between Hg lamp and excimer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 52, 1661–1665 (1995). [CrossRef]
  22. H. Nishikawa, R. Nakamura, Y. Ohki, and Y. Hama, “Enhanced photogeneration of E′ centers from neutral oxygen vacancies in the presence of hydrogen in high-purity silica glass,” Phys. Rev. B 48, 2968–2973 (1993). [CrossRef]
  23. J. Stone and C. A. Burrus, “Neodymium-doped silica lasers in end-pumped fiber geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 388–389 (1973). [CrossRef]
  24. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430–3436 (1986). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Magne, Y. Ouerdane, M. Druetta, J. P. Goure, P. Ferdinand, and G. Monnom, “Cooperative luminescence in an ytterbium-doped silica fibre,” Opt. Commun. 111, 310–316 (1994). [CrossRef]
  26. J.-W. Lee, G. H. Sigel, and J. Li, “Processing-induced defects in optical waveguide materials,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 57–65 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited