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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2010
  • pp: 197–203

Two-way diffusion model for short-exposure holographic grating formation in acrylamide-based photopolymer

Tsvetanka Babeva, Izabela Naydenova, Dana Mackey, Suzanne Martin, and Vincent Toal  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 2, pp. 197-203 (2010)

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A theoretical model for formation of a short-exposure holographic grating is presented. The model accounts for both monomer and polymer diffusion and distinguishes between short polymer chains capable of diffusing and long polymer chains that are immobile. It is shown that the experimentally observed decrease of diffraction efficiency at higher spatial frequency can be predicted by assuming diffusion of short-chain polymers away from the bright fringes. The time evolution of the refractive-index modulation after a short exposure is calculated and compared with experimental results. The effects of diffusion coefficients, polymerization rates, intensity, and spatial frequency of recording on the properties of weak diffraction gratings are investigated by numerical simulations.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: July 22, 2009
Revised Manuscript: October 29, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 13, 2009
Published: January 7, 2010

Tsvetanka Babeva, Izabela Naydenova, Dana Mackey, Suzanne Martin, and Vincent Toal, "Two-way diffusion model for short-exposure holographic grating formation in acrylamide-based photopolymer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 197-203 (2010)

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