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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 2 — Feb. 1, 2010
  • pp: 208–214

Formation and interaction characteristics of two-component spatial weak-light soliton in a four-level double-Λ type system

Yanchao She, Denglong Wang, Weixi Zhang, Zhangming He, and Jianwen Ding  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 2, pp. 208-214 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.27.000208


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Abstract

By using the multiple-scale method, we study analytically the formation and stability of two-component spatial optical solitons in a cold, lifetime-broadened resonant four-level double-Λ type atomic system via electromagnetically induced transparency. It is shown that stable two-component ( 1 + 1 ) dimension spatial optical solitons with extremely weak light intensity can occur, which is different from the passive ones with photorefractive and planar waveguides. Furthermore, the interaction characteristics between two solitons are studied by numerical simulations. We find that the collisional dynamics and the energy transfer of the two solitons are closely correlated with their relative phase shift. Our results may provide a good idea to obtain useful spatial optical solitons for application in optical soliton communications.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.6135) Nonlinear optics : Spatial solitons

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 12, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 4, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 5, 2009
Published: January 8, 2010

Citation
Yanchao She, Denglong Wang, Weixi Zhang, Zhangming He, and Jianwen Ding, "Formation and interaction characteristics of two-component spatial weak-light soliton in a four-level double-Λ type system," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 208-214 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-27-2-208

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