We investigate the air-hole shape of photonic-crystal lasers in the vertical direction to increase the radiation constant for the surface emission. Numerical analysis indicates a maximum radiation constant when the air-hole depth is half the wavelength and a minimum when it is about the same as the wavelength, due to the interference of light waves diffracted in the vertical direction. We propose an air-hole design using two photonic-crystal layers offset by a half-period; the design more than doubles the radiation constant over that of a conventional design, leading to higher-power operation.
© 2010 Optical Society of America
Lasers and Laser Optics
Original Manuscript: January 6, 2010
Revised Manuscript: April 9, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 15, 2010
Published: May 11, 2010
Seita Iwahashi, Kyosuke Sakai, Yoshitaka Kurosaka, and Susumu Noda, "Air-hole design in a vertical direction for high-power two-dimensional photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1204-1207 (2010)