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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2010
  • pp: A152–A163

Analyzing quantum jumps of one and two atoms strongly coupled to an optical cavity

Sebastian Reick, Klaus Mølmer, Wolfgang Alt, Martin Eckstein, Tobias Kampschulte, Lingbo Kong, René Reimann, Alexander Thobe, Artur Widera, and Dieter Meschede  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 6, pp. A152-A163 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.27.00A152


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Abstract

We induce quantum jumps between the hyperfine ground states of one and two cesium atoms, strongly coupled to the mode of a high-finesse optical resonator, and analyze the resulting random telegraph signals. We identify experimental parameters to deduce the atomic spin state nondestructively from the stream of photons transmitted through the cavity, achieving a compromise between a good signal-to-noise ratio and minimal measurement-induced perturbations. In order to extract optimum information about the spin dynamics from the photon count signal, a Bayesian update formalism is employed, which yields time-dependent probabilities for the atoms to be in one of the two hyperfine states. This analysis is extended to short time bins where a simple threshold analysis would not yield reasonable results. We discuss the effect of super-Poissonian photon number distributions caused by atomic motion.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.1600) General : Classical and quantum physics
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.2500) Quantum optics : Fluctuations, relaxations, and noise
(270.5580) Quantum optics : Quantum electrodynamics

ToC Category:
Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics

History
Original Manuscript: February 10, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 15, 2010
Published: May 7, 2010

Citation
Sebastian Reick, Klaus Mølmer, Wolfgang Alt, Martin Eckstein, Tobias Kampschulte, Lingbo Kong, René Reimann, Alexander Thobe, Artur Widera, and Dieter Meschede, "Analyzing quantum jumps of one and two atoms strongly coupled to an optical cavity," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, A152-A163 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-27-6-A152

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