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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 27, Iss. 8 — Aug. 1, 2010
  • pp: 1594–1602

Testing quantum randomness in single-photon polarization measurements with the NIST test suite

David Branning and Matthew Bermudez  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 27, Issue 8, pp. 1594-1602 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.27.001594


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Abstract

A binary sequence was constructed from 1.7 × 10 7 polarization measurements of single photons from a spontaneous parametric downconversion source, under pumping conditions similar to those used in optical quantum cryptography. To search for correlations in the polarization measurement outcomes, we subjected the sequence to a suite of tests developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for the assessment of algorithmic random-number generators. The bias of the sequence was low enough to allow all fifteen tests to be applied directly to the polarization outcomes without using any numerical unbiasing procedures. No statistically significant deviations from randomness were observed, other than those related to this small uncorrected bias.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics
(270.5568) Quantum optics : Quantum cryptography

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: March 11, 2010
Revised Manuscript: June 14, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 26, 2010
Published: July 21, 2010

Citation
David Branning and Matthew Bermudez, "Testing quantum randomness in single-photon polarization measurements with the NIST test suite," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1594-1602 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-27-8-1594

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