OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 2011
  • pp: 139–148

Generation of sub-10 fs ultraviolet Gaussian pulses

Yuichiro Kida and Takayoshi Kobayashi  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 28, Issue 1, pp. 139-148 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (971 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A technique is proposed for generating sub- 10 fs deep ultraviolet (DUV) pulses with Gaussian temporal and spectral profiles. In this approach, a broadband DUV pulse with a negative frequency chirp is generated and compressed by normal group-velocity dispersion in a transparent medium. The pulse shape is not significantly distorted by high-order spectral phase distortion. In principle, nearly transform-limited sub- 6 fs UV pulses with pulse energies of several tens of microjoules are expected to be generated. Numerical simulations indicate that a Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplifier with a pulse energy of several millijoules and a pulse duration of 35 fs can be used to generate high-energy sub- 6 fs UV pulses. The technique is partially demonstrated by an experiment using a low-power Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplifier to generate low-energy sub- 10 fs single DUV pulses with waveforms that quantitatively agree with those predicted by the numerical simulations. This technique can be used to generate high-energy sub- 10 fs DUV pulses with Gaussian temporal and spectral profiles for ultrafast spectroscopy in the gas phase as well as the liquid and solid phases.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: May 6, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 19, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 28, 2010
Published: December 21, 2010

Yuichiro Kida and Takayoshi Kobayashi, "Generation of sub-10 fs ultraviolet Gaussian pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 139-148 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fieß, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” New J. Phys. 9, 242 (2007). [CrossRef]
  2. E. Matsubara, K. Yamane, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of 2.6fs optical pulses using induced-phase modulation in a gas-filled hollow fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 985–989 (2007). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Park, J. Lee, and C. H. Nam, “Generation of 1.5 cycle 0.3TW laser pulses using a hollow-fiber pulse compressor,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2342–2344 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. O. Dühr, E. T. J. Nibbering, G. Korn, G. Tempea, and F. Krausz, “Generation of intense 8fs pulses at 400nm,” Opt. Lett. 24, 34–36 (1999). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Kida, S. Zaitsu, and T. Imasaka, “Generation of intense 11fs ultraviolet pulses using phase modulation by two types of coherent molecular motions,” Opt. Express 16, 13492–13498 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Liu, Y. Kida, T. Teramoto, and T. Kobayashi, “Generation of stable sub-10fs pulses at 400nm in a hollow fiber for UV pump-probe experiment,” Opt. Express 18, 4664–4672 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Intense 8fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 24, 697–699 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Tunable sub-10fs ultraviolet pulses generated by achromatic frequency doubling,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1686–1688 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2481–2483 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Nagy and P. Simon, “Generation of 200μJ, sub-25fs deep-UV pulses using a noble-gas-filled hollow fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2300–2302 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of high-energy sub-20fs pulses tunable in the 250–310nm region by frequency doubling of a high-power noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34, 710–712 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. L. Fork, C. H. B. Cruz, P. C. Becker, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. A. Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuß, and W. E. Schmid, “Sub-10fs supercontinuum radiation generated by filamentation of few-cycle 800nm pulses in argon,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2432–2434 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. U. Graf, M. Fieß, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Intense few-cycle light pulses in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Express 16, 18956–18963 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Wojtkiewicz and C. G. Durfee, “Hollow-fiber OP-CPA for energetic ultrafast ultraviolet pulse generation,” in Summaries of Papers Presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2002), pp. 423–424. [CrossRef]
  16. J. Wojtkiewicz, K. Hudek, and C. G. Durfee, “Chirped-pulse frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses to the deep-UV,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMK5. [PubMed]
  17. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004). [CrossRef]
  18. I. Babushkin and J. Herrmann, “High energy sub-10fs pulse generation in vacuum ultraviolet using chirped four wave mixing in hollow waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 17774–17779 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Kobayashi, Z. Wang, and I. Iwakura, “The relation between the symmetry of vibrational modes and the potential curve displacement associated with electronic transition studied by using real-time vibrational spectroscopy,” New J. Phys. 10, 065009(2008). [CrossRef]
  20. T. Kobayashi and Z. Wang, “Correlations of instantaneous transition energy and intensity of absorption peaks during molecular vibration: toward potential hyper-surface,” New J. Phys. 10, 065015 (2008). [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Kida, J. Liu, T. Teramoto, and T. Kobayashi, “Sub-10fs deep-ultraviolet pulses generated by chirped-pulse four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1807–1809 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2006).
  23. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Nonlinear optical pulse propagation in the single-cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3282–3285 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: a pressure dependence study,” Phys. Rev. E 58, 4903–4910 (1998). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Bergé, F. Lederer, T. Sokollik, M. Schnürer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, “Self-compression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: experiments versus numerical simulations,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. A. Couairon, H. S. Chakraborty, and M. B. Gaarde, “From single-cycle self-compressed filaments to isolated attosecond pulses in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 053814 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. H. J. Lehmeier, W. Leupacher, and A. Penzkofer, “Nonresonant third order hyperpolarizability of rare gases and N2 determined by third harmonic generation,” Opt. Commun. 56, 67–72 (1985). [CrossRef]
  28. M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 2793–2795 (1996).
  29. M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, and D. C. Wilson, “Measurement of the nonlinear refractive index of air and other gases at 248nm,” Opt. Commun. 103, 153–160 (1993). [CrossRef]
  30. J.-H. Klein-Wiele, T. Nagy, and P. Simon, “Hollow-fiber pulse compressor for KrF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 567–570 (2006). [CrossRef]
  31. C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for computing the nonlinear refractive index via Keldysh theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 433–437 (2010). [CrossRef]
  32. A. Dalgarno and A. E. Kingston, “The refractive indices and Verdet constants of the inert gases,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. A 259, 424–429 (1960). [CrossRef]
  33. J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, “Light–Matter Interaction” in Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2006), p. 173.
  34. R. L. Fork, O. E. Martinez, and J. P. Gordon, “Negative dispersion using pairs of prisms,” Opt. Lett. 9, 150–152 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. J. D. Kafka and T. Baer, “Prism-pair dispersive delay lines in optical pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 12, 401–403 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, “Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission and lasers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783–1809 (1964).
  37. K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and D. J. Kane, “Comparison of ultrashort-pulse frequency-resolved-optical-gating traces for three common beam geometries,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1595–1608(1994). [CrossRef]
  38. M. Nurhuda, A. Suda, K. Midorikawa, M. Hatayama, and K. Nagasaka, “Propagation dynamics of femtosecond laser pulses in a hollow fiber filled with argon: constant gas pressure versus differential gas pressure,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 2002–2011(2003). [CrossRef]
  39. A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of sub-10fs, 5mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116(2005). [CrossRef]
  40. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000). [CrossRef]
  41. K. Okamura and T. Kobayashi, “Output energy stabilization of non-collinear optical parametric amplifier,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 070214 (2009), http://jjap.jsap.jp/. [CrossRef]
  42. S. Bohman, A. Suda, T. Kanai, S. Yamaguchi, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation of 5.0fs, 5.0mJ pulses at 1 kHz using hollow-fiber pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1887–1889 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. S. Grafström, U. Harbarth, J. Kowalski, R. Neumann, and S. Noehte, “Fast laser beam position control with submicroradian precision,” Opt. Commun. 65, 121–126 (1988). [CrossRef]
  44. A. Stalmashonak, N. Zhavoronkov, I. V. Hertel, S. Vetrov, and K. Schmid, “Spatial control of femtosecond laser system output with submicroradian accuracy,” Appl. Opt. 45, 1271–1274 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited