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Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2011
  • pp: 2418–2429

Analytical framework for dynamic light pulse atom interferometry at short interrogation times

Richard Stoner, David Butts, Joseph Kinast, and Brian Timmons  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 28, Issue 10, pp. 2418-2429 (2011)

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High-precision inertial sensing demonstrations with light pulse atom interferometry have typically used Raman pulses having durations orders of magnitude shorter than the dwell time between interferometer pulses. Environmentally robust sensors operating at high-bandwidth will be required to operate at short (millisecond scale) dwell times between Raman pulses. In such an operational mode, the Raman pulse duration becomes an appreciable fraction of the dwell time between pulses. In addition, high-precision inertial sensing applications have typically been demonstrated in mildly dynamic or nondynamic environments having low rate of change of inertial input, ensuring that applied Raman pulses satisfy the Raman resonance condition. Application of nonresonant pulses will be inevitable in sensors registering time-varying inertial input. We present a diagrammatic technique for calculation of atomic output state populations for multipulse atom optics manipulations that explicitly account for the effects of finite pulse duration and finite Raman detuning effects on the laser-induced atomic phase. We analyze several atom interferometer sequences. We report accelerometer and gyroscope phase evolution for fixed Raman laser frequency difference incorporating corrections in powers of the ratio of pulse duration to time interval between interferometer pulses. Our accelerometer result agrees with other published results.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.0020) Atomic and molecular physics : Atomic and molecular physics
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(020.1335) Atomic and molecular physics : Atom optics

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: May 10, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 5, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 5, 2011
Published: September 13, 2011

Richard Stoner, David Butts, Joseph Kinast, and Brian Timmons, "Analytical framework for dynamic light pulse atom interferometry at short interrogation times," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2418-2429 (2011)

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