We present a new approach which allows one to insert a silica nanosphere with a single quantum dot into a high Q photonic crystal slab nanocavity with an asymmetric nanohole in the center. The high Q cavity is optimized by adjusting air holes around the L3-type cavity based on three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation. High Q value of 48 700 in this asymmetric cavity is achieved. The performance of the cavity with an assumed silica sphere containing a single quantum dot in the nanohole is also discussed, in which the Q factor can reach 5×104 and modal volume V is 0.048μm3 (∼0.62(λ0/n)3). It is found that the electric field intensity in the nanohole is much stronger than the maximum electric field in the cavity without a nanohole. This makes it possible to locate the precise position of the quantum dot with respect to the cavity mode electric maximum. This system provides a good candidate for realizing a strong interaction between a quantum dot and cavity for the study of cavity quantum electrodynamics.
© 2011 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: July 6, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 18, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 7, 2010
Published: January 13, 2011
Yanjun Song, Mingkai Liu, Yanbing Zhang, Xuehua Wang, and Chongjun Jin, "High-Q photonic crystal slab nanocavity with an asymmetric nanohole in the center for QED," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 265-274 (2011)