OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 4 — Apr. 1, 2011
  • pp: 671–678

Effect of the cladding layer on resonance response in guided mode resonance structures and its sensing applications

Sakoolkan Boonruang and Waleed S. Mohammed  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 28, Issue 4, pp. 671-678 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1173 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The resonance properties in a guided mode resonance (GMR) structure having a cladding layer inserted between the subwavelength grating and the high-index film are studied. The presence of the layer results in a significant reduction of the resonance linewidth where multiple-coupling approximations are implemented to describe this behavior. The sensitivity of the resonance wavelength to the change of the layer’s refractive index demonstrates the feasibility of using this configuration as a high resolution GMR-based sensor (up to 1 × 10 5 refractive index unit). The improvement is achieved through the waveguide properties with no perturbation of the grating param eters. In this scheme, coupling to a cladding mode increases the sensitivity 32 times that of coupling to a guided mode when using high-index substances. For low-index substances, exciting super mode resonances enhances the sensitivity by a factor of 6 compared to the guided-mode resonance.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(130.6010) Integrated optics : Sensors
(130.5296) Integrated optics : Photonic crystal waveguides
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures
(130.7408) Integrated optics : Wavelength filtering devices

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: November 4, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 20, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 30, 2011
Published: March 10, 2011

Sakoolkan Boonruang and Waleed S. Mohammed, "Effect of the cladding layer on resonance response in guided mode resonance structures and its sensing applications," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 671-678 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1022–1024 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. D. Wawro, S. Tibuleac, R. Magnusson, and H. Lui, “Optical fiber endface biosensor based on resonances in dielectric waveguide grating,” Proc. SPIE 3911, 86–94 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. K. J. Lee, D. Wawro, P. S. Priambodo, and R. Mugnusson, “Agarose-gel guided-mode resonance humidity sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 7, 409–414 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nature Nanotechnol. 2, 515–520 (2007). [CrossRef]
  5. P. C. Mathias, N. Ganesh, L. L. Chan, and B. T. Cunningham, “Combined enhanced fluorescence and label-free biomolecular detection with a photonics crystal surface,” Appl. Opt. 46, 2351–2360 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. I. Avrutsky and R. Rabady, “Waveguide grating mirror for large-area semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 989–991 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Sims, Z. Roth, T. McComb, L. Shah, V. Sudesh, P. Menelaos, E. Johnson, and M. C. Richardson, “Guided mode resonance filters as stable line-narrowing feedback elements for Tm fiber lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CThN2.
  8. G. Levy-Yurista and A. A. Friesem, “Very narrow spectral filter with multilayer grating-waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1596–1598 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. D. K. Jacob, S. C. Dunn, and M. G. Moharam, “Flat-top narrow-band spectral response obtained from cascaded resonant grating reflection filters,” Appl. Opt. 41, 1241–1245 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Boonruang, A. Greenwell, and M. G. Moharam, “Broadening the angular tolerance in two-dimensional grating resonance structures at oblique incidence,” Appl. Opt. 46, 7982–7992(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Greenwell, S. Boonruang, and M. G. Moharam, “Control of resonance separation over a wide spectral range in multiwavelength resonant grating filters,” Appl. Opt. 46, 6355–6361(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Fattal, M. Sigalas, A. Pyayt, Z. Li, and R. G. Beausoleil, “Guided-mode resonance sensor with extended spatial sensitivity,” Proc. SPIE 6766, 67660J (2007). [CrossRef]
  13. C. Wei, S. Liu, D. Deng, J. Shen, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Electric field enhancement in guided-mode resonance filters,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1223–1225 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Boonruang and M. Wu, “Enhancement of surface near-field using 2-D guided mode resonance structure,” in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper FThS6.
  15. M. G. Moharam, E. B. Grann, D. A. Pommet, and T. K. Gaylord, “Formulation for stable and efficient implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis of binary grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1068–1076 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. M. G. Moharam, D. A. Pommet, E. B. Grann, and T. K. Gaylord, “Stable implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings: enhanced transmittance matrix approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1077–1086 (1995). [CrossRef]
  17. D. K. Jacob, S. C. Dunn, and M. G. Moharam, “Design considerations for narrow-band dielectric resonant grating reflection filters of finite length,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1241–1249(2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited