OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 5 — May. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1172–1179

Pulse-width-dependent subluminal and superluminal propagation in highly doped erbium fibers

Francisco Arrieta-Yáñez, Eduardo Cabrera-Granado, José M. Ezquerro, Oscar G. Calderón, and Sonia Melle  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 28, Issue 5, pp. 1172-1179 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.28.001172


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (654 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We experimentally and theoretically study the propagation of a 1536 nm light pulse superposed on a continuous wave background in a highly doped erbium fiber pumped at 977 nm . We observe a transition from subluminal to superluminal propagation with the pulse bandwidth. Furthermore, an improvement of the pulse delay and pulse distortion when increasing the pulse peak and keeping constant the background power is reported. These results are due to the relation between the pump-broadened transparency hole (induced by the coherent population oscillations) and the competition between gain and absorption along the fiber.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(060.2410) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, erbium
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: November 15, 2010
Revised Manuscript: March 9, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 13, 2011
Published: April 19, 2011

Citation
Francisco Arrieta-Yáñez, Eduardo Cabrera-Granado, José M. Ezquerro, Oscar G. Calderón, and Sonia Melle, "Pulse-width-dependent subluminal and superluminal propagation in highly doped erbium fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1172-1179 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-28-5-1172


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and A. L. Gaeta, “Applications of slow light in telecommunications,” Opt. Photon. News 17, 18–23(2006). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Peng, Z. Li, and A. Xu, “Rotation sensing based on a slow-light resonating structure with high group dispersion,” Appl. Opt. 46, 4125–4131 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, D. J. Gauthier, and C. C. Dudley, “Enhancing the spectral sensitivity of interferometers using slow-light media,” Opt. Lett. 32, 915–917 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of ultraslow light propagation in a ruby crystal at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113903 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, “Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid,” Science 301, 200–202 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Schweinsberg, N. N. Lepeshkin, M. S. Bigelow, R. W. Boyd, and S. Jarabo, “Observation of superluminal and slow light propagation in erbium-doped optical fiber,” Europhys. Lett. 73, 218–224 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. G. M. Gehring, A. Schweinsberg, C. Barsi, N. Kostinski, and R. W. Boyd, “Observation of backward pulse propagation through a medium with a negative group velocity,” Science 312, 895–897(2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Wu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, “Controllable snail-paced light in biological bacteriorhodopsin thin film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 253601 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Su, P. Kondratko, and S. L. Chuang, “Variable optical delay using population oscillation and four-wave-mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express 14, 4800–4807(2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Mørk, R. Kjær, M. van der Poel, and K. Yvind, “Slow light in a semiconductor waveguide at gigahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 13, 8136–8145 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Melle, O. G. Calderón, F. Carreño, E. Cabrera, M. A. Antón, and S. Jarabo, “Effect of ion concentration on slow light propagation in highly doped erbium fibers,” Opt. Commun. 279, 53–63 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Melle, O. G. Calderón, C. E. Caro, E. Cabrera-Granado, M. A. Antón, and F. Carreño, “Modulation-frequency-controlled change from sub- to superluminal regime in highly doped erbium fibers,” Opt. Lett. 33, 827–829 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. O. G. Calderón, S. Melle, M. A. Antón, F. Carreño, F. Arrieta-Yáñez, and E. Cabrera-Granado, “Propagation-induced transition from slow to fast light in highly doped erbium fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 053812 (2008). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Shin, A. Schweinsberg, G. Gehring, K. Schwertz, H. J. Chang, R. W. Boyd, Q-H. Park, and D. J. Gauthier, “Reducing pulse distortion in fast light pulse propagation through an erbium doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 32, 906–908 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Shin, A. Schweinsberg, and R. W. Boyd, “Reducing pulse distortion in fast-light pulse propagation through and erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a mutually incoherent background field,” Opt. Commun. 282, 2085–2087 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Piredda and R. W. Boyd, “Slow light by means of coherent population oscillations: laser linewidth effects,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rap. Commun. 2, 07004 (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. F. Sanchez, P. L. Boudec, P.-L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Li, K. Duan, Y. Wang, W. Zhao, J. Zhu, Y. Guo, and X. Lin, “Modeling and effects of ions pairs in high-concentration-erbium-doped fiber lasers,” J. Mod. Opt. 55, 447–458(2008). [CrossRef]
  19. O. G. Calderón, S. Melle, F. Arrieta-Yáñez, M. A. Antón, and F. Carreño, “Effect of ion pairs in fast-light bandwidth in high-concentration erbium-doped fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, C55–C60 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Wen and S. Chi, “Propagation characteristics of fast light in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1073–1080(2008). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Chin, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, and L. Thévanaz, “Zero-gain slow & fast light propagation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 10684–10692 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. S. S. Maicas, F. Öhman, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, “Controlling microwave signals by means of slow and fast light effects in SOA-EA structures,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1589–1591(2007). [CrossRef]
  23. F. G. Sedgwick, B. Pesala, J. Lin, W. S. Ko, X. Zhao, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “THz-bandwidth tunable slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express 15, 747–753(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, H. Shin, and R. W. Boyd, “Propagation of smooth and discontinuous pulses through materials with very large or very small group velocities,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18, 3117–3126 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. B. Macke and B. Ségard, “Slow light in saturable absorbers,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 013817 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited