OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 6 — Jun. 1, 2011
  • pp: 1439–1445

Anomalous transmission properties of a conducting fiber composite material at high frequency

Peter Loschialpo, Douglas Smith, Tammie Confer, and Joseph Peak  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 28, Issue 6, pp. 1439-1445 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.28.001439


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1071 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

An anomalous resonant behavior is observed in the transmission through composite layers of randomly oriented conducting fibers at frequencies above the primary one-half wavelength dipole resonance. The echo of radiation from the encounter of waves propagating along fibers, which are oriented in the direction of the incident wave, with the discontinuity at the end, is found to be the cause of the anomaly. This end-fire echo dominates the dipole radiation pattern for electrically long conductors at oblique angles. Layers of randomly distributed 1 cm long fibers having a 0.8 / cm 3 number density are examined from 1 to 50 GHz through a series of numerical experiments using the finite difference time domain method. Composites made from the same fibers aligned with the incident electric field do not exhibit the anomalous resonant behavior. Transmission for these aligned fibers is well-explained using Beer’s law, given the total cross section for a single dipole.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(290.5825) Scattering : Scattering theory

ToC Category:
Scattering

History
Original Manuscript: February 11, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: April 4, 2011
Published: May 18, 2011

Citation
Peter Loschialpo, Douglas Smith, Tammie Confer, and Joseph Peak, "Anomalous transmission properties of a conducting fiber composite material at high frequency," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1439-1445 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-28-6-1439


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. D. Jackson, in Classical Electrodynamics (Wiley, 1975), pp. 152–155.
  2. J. C. Maxwell Garnett, “Colours in metal glasses and in metallic films,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London Ser. A 203, 385–420 (1904). [CrossRef]
  3. J. A. Roberts, T. Imholt, Z. Ye, C. A. Dyke, D. W. Price, Jr., and J. M. Tour, “Electromagnetic wave properties of polymer blends of single wall carbon nanotubes using a resonant microwave cavity as a probe,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4352–4356 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Wang, K. Kempa, B. Kimball, J. B. Carlson, G. Benham, W. Z. Li, T. Kempa, J. Rybczynski, A. Herczynski, and Z. F. Ren, “Receiving and transmitting light-like radio waves: Antenna effect in arrays of aligned carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2607–2609 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Überall, B. F. Howell, and E. L. Diamond, “Effective medium theory and the attenuation of graphite fiber composites,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 3441–3445 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. L. Liu, S. M. Matitsine, Y. B. Gan, and K. N. Rozanov, “Effective permittivity of planar composites with randomly or periodically distributed conducting fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 063512 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Loschialpo, D. Smith, and D. Zabetakis, “Effective medium theory for strongly coupled randomly oriented conducting fibers on a planar surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 104903 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. L. N. Medgyesi-Mitschang, J. M. Putnam, and M. B. Gedara, “Generalized method of moments for three-dimensional penetrable scatterers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1383–1398 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. J. M. Hollas, in Modern Spectroscopy (Wiley, 2004), pp. 382–383.
  10. P. F. Loschialpo, D. L. Smith, D. W. Forester, F. J. Rachford, and J. Schelleng, “Electromagnetic waves focused by a negative-index planar lens,” Phys. Rev. E 67, 026502(2003). [CrossRef]
  11. P. F. Loschialpo, D. W. Forester, D. L. Smith, F. J. Rachford, C. Monzon, and J. S. Schelleng, “Optical properties of an ideal homogeneous, causal “left handed” material slab,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 036605 (2004). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Peters, Jr., “End-fire echo of long, thin bodies,” IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 6, 133–139 (1958). [CrossRef]
  13. L. N. Medgyesi-Mitschang and J. M. Putnam, “Electromagnetic scattering from extended wires and two- and three dimensional surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-33, 1090–1100(1985). [CrossRef]
  14. G. T. Ruck, D. E. Barrick, W. D. Stuart, and C. K. Krichbaum, “Traveling waves,” in Radar Cross Section Handbook, G.T.Ruck (ed.) (Plenum Press, 1970), pp. 130–133.
  15. E. F. Knott, J. F. Shaeffer, and M. T. Tuley, in Radar Cross Section (Artech House, 1993), p. 228.
  16. J. Berenger, “A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” J. Comp. Physiol. 114, 185–200(1994).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited