OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B


  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 28, Iss. 9 — Sep. 1, 2011
  • pp: 2301–2309

Complete characterization of supercontinuum coherence

Goëry Genty, Minna Surakka, Jari Turunen, and Ari T. Friberg  »View Author Affiliations

JOSA B, Vol. 28, Issue 9, pp. 2301-2309 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (955 KB) | SpotlightSpotlight on Optics Open Access

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Using second-order coherence theory of nonstationary light we examine in detail the coherence properties of supercontinuum radiation generated in nonlinear fibers. We show that the supercontinuum can be divided into quasi-coherent and quasi-stationary parts and that the relative contributions depend on the dynamics involved in the spectral broadening process. We establish the correspondence between the quasi-coherent part of the two-frequency correlation function of the second-order theory and the usual Dudley–Coen degree of coherence used to characterize the shot-to-shot stability of supercontinuum sources. Experimental implementation for measuring separately the quasi-coherent and quasi-stationary contributions is further addressed. Our results open the route for complete characterization of supercontinuum coherence.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(190.4370) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

Original Manuscript: April 26, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 6, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 21, 2011
Published: August 31, 2011

Virtual Issues
September 2, 2011 Spotlight on Optics

Goëry Genty, Minna Surakka, Jari Turunen, and Ari T. Friberg, "Complete characterization of supercontinuum coherence," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2301-2309 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184(2006). [CrossRef]
  2. J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, “Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1180–1182 (2002). [CrossRef]
  3. J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, “Numerical simulations and coherence properties of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 651–659 (2002). [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, “Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 12, 791–796 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. M. Kobtsev, S. V. Kukarin, N. V. Fateev, and S. V. Smirnov, “Coherent, polarization and temporal properties of self-frequency shifted solitons generated in polarization-maintaining microstructured fibre,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 265–269 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. S. M. Kobtsev and S. V. Smirnov, “Coherent properties of super-continuum containing clearly defined solitons,” Opt. Express 14, 3968–3980 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. X. Gu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’shea, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, and R. S. Windeler, “Frequency-resolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber supercontinuum,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1174–1176(2002). [CrossRef]
  8. X. Gu, M. Kimmel, A. P. Shreenath, R. Trebino, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Experimental studies of the coherence of microstructure-fiber supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 11, 2697–2703 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, “Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 249–257 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, “Generation of a broadband continuum with high spectral coherence in tapered single-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 347–353 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. Zeylikovich, V. Kartazaev, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectral, temporal, and coherence properties of supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1453–1460(2005). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, “Generation, characterization, and application of broadband coherent femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion micromanaged holey fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1221–1227 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Türke, S. Pricking, A. Husakou, J. Teipel, J. Herrmann, and H. Giessen, “Coherence of subsequent supercontinuum pulses generated in tapered fibers in the femtosecond regime,” Opt. Express 15, 2732–2741 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Bellini and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase-locked white-light continuum pulses: toward a universal optical frequency-comb synthesizer,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1049–1051 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Bertolotti, L. Sereda, and A. Ferrari, “Application of the spectral representation of stochastic processes to the study of nonstationary light radiation: a tutorial,” Pure Appl. Opt. 6, 153–171 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Lajunen, V. Torres-Company, J. Lancis, E. Silvestre, and P. Andr`es, “Pulseby-pulse method to characterize partially coherent pulse propagation in instantaneous nonlinear media,” Opt. Express 18, 14979–14991 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Genty, M. Surakka, J. Turunen, and A. T. Friberg, “Second-order coherence of supercontinuum light,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3057–3059 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. Iaconis, V. Wong, and I. A. Walmsley, “Direct interferometric techniques for characterizing ultrashort optical pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 285–294 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Erkintalo, B. Wetzel, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, “Limitations of the linear Raman gain approximation in modeling broadband nonlinear propagation in optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 25449–25460 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. G. Genty, S. Coen, and J. M. Dudley, “Fiber supercontinuum sources,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1771–1785 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub 30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 4614–4624(2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photon. 1, 653–657 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. R. Trebino, K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbügel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997). [CrossRef]
  24. I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 308–437(2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited