OSA's Digital Library

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

Journal of the Optical Society of America B

| OPTICAL PHYSICS

  • Editor: Henry van Driel
  • Vol. 29, Iss. 10 — Oct. 1, 2012
  • pp: 2848–2851

Degenerate four-wave mixing in atomic ytterbium

Tian Li, Ryan P. Baker, and Jonathan D. Weinstein  »View Author Affiliations


JOSA B, Vol. 29, Issue 10, pp. 2848-2851 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.29.002848


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (497 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We have performed degenerate four-wave mixing experiments with cryogenically cooled atomic ytterbium. We use buffer-gas cooling to prepare high optical density samples at a temperature of 5 K, cold enough to resolve the different isotopes and hyperfine transitions. We observe four-wave mixing with cross-polarized pump and probe beams. The four-wave mixing is strongly enhanced when the laser is closely detuned from the S01(F=1/2)P11(F=1/2) transition of the Yb171 (I=1/2) isotope.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(020.2930) Atomic and molecular physics : Hyperfine structure
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(270.6570) Quantum optics : Squeezed states

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 22, 2012
Revised Manuscript: August 13, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: August 21, 2012
Published: September 21, 2012

Citation
Tian Li, Ryan P. Baker, and Jonathan D. Weinstein, "Degenerate four-wave mixing in atomic ytterbium," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2848-2851 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-29-10-2848


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lam, R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, and P. F. Liao, Optical Phase Conjugation (Academic, 1983).
  2. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic Press, 2003).
  3. A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, “Amplified reflection, phase conjugation, and oscillation in degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 1, 16–18 (1977). [CrossRef]
  4. D. M. Bloom, P. F. Liao, and N. P. Economou, “Observation of amplified reflection by degenerate four-wave mixing in atomic sodium vapor,” Opt. Lett. 2, 58–60 (1978). [CrossRef]
  5. S. M. Wandzura, “Effects of atomic motion on wavefront conjugation by resonantly enhanced degenerate four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 4, 208–210 (1979). [CrossRef]
  6. D. S. Glassner and R. J. Knize, “Reduced angular dependence for degenerate four-wave mixing in potassium vapor by including nitrogen buffer gas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1593–1595 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. L. M. Humphrey, J. P. Gordon, and P. F. Liao, “Angular dependence of line shape and strength of degenerate four-wave mixing in a Doppler-broadened system with optical pumping,” Opt. Lett. 5, 56–58 (1980). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Ducloy, F. A. M. de Oliveira, and D. Bloch, “Theory of resonant Doppler-broadened backward four-wave mixing in the pump saturation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 32, 1614–1623 (1985). [CrossRef]
  9. D. S. Glassner, B. Ai, and R. J. Knize, “Low-intensity degenerate four-wave mixing at the cesium D1 resonance in thin cells,” Opt. Lett. 19, 2071–2073 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. B. Ai and R. J. Knize, “Degenerate four-wave mixing in two-level saturable absorbers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2408–2419 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. R. T. Bratfalean, G. M. Lloyd, and P. Ewart, “Degenerate four-wave mixing for arbitrary pump and probe intensities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 952–960 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, “Degenerate four-wave mixing in absorbing media,” Opt. Lett. 2, 94–96 (1978). [CrossRef]
  13. R. L. Abrams and R. C. Lind, “Degenerate four-wave mixing in absorbing media: errata,” Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978). [CrossRef]
  14. A. L. Gaeta, M. T. Gruneisen, and R. W. Boyd, “Theory of degenerate four-wave mixing in saturable absorbing media with the inclusion of pump propagation effects,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 1095–1101 (1986). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Ducloy and D. Bloch, “Polarization properties of phase-conjugate mirrors: angular dependence and disorienting collision effects in resonant backward four-wave mixing for Doppler-broadened degenerate transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 30, 3107–3122 (1984). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Kauranen, D. J. Gauthier, M. S. Malcuit, and R. W. Boyd, “Polarization properties of optical phase conjugation by two-photon resonant degenerate four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 1908–1917 (1989). [CrossRef]
  17. E. Koster, J. Mlynek, and W. Lange, “Zeeman coherence effects in degenerate backward four-wave mixing: saturation studies on coupled transitions,” Opt. Commun. 53, 53–58 (1985). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Y. Lanzerotti, R. W. Schirmer, and A. L. Gaeta, “High-reflectivity, wide-bandwidth optical phase conjugation via four-wave mixing in potassium vapor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1199–1201 (1996). [CrossRef]
  19. R. C. Pooser, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, K. M. Jones, and P. D. Lett, “Low-noise amplification of a continuous-variable quantum state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 010501 (2009). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Jasperse, L. D. Turner, and R. E. Scholten, “Relative intensity squeezing by four-wave mixing with loss: an analytic model and experimental diagnostic,” Opt. Express 19, 3765–3774 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. Q. Glorieux, L. Guidoni, S. Guibal, J.-P. Likforman, and T. Coudreau, “Strong quantum correlations in four-wave mixing in Rb85 vapor,” e-print arXiv:quant-ph/1004.3950v1 (2010).
  22. C. F. McCormick, A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Strong low-frequency quantum correlations from a four-wave-mixing amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043816 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. C. F. McCormick, V. Boyer, E. Arimondo, and P. D. Lett, “Strong relative intensity squeezing by four-wave mixing in rubidium vapor,” Opt. Lett. 32, 178–180 (2007). [CrossRef]
  24. Q. Glorieux, L. Guidoni, S. Guibal, J.-P. Likforman, T. Coudreau, and E. Arimondo, “Quantum correlations by four-wave mixing in an atomic vapor in a nonamplifying regime: quantum beam splitter for photons,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053826 (2011). [CrossRef]
  25. A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolskya-Rosen entanglement,” Nature 457, 859–862 (2009). [CrossRef]
  26. V. Boyer, A. M. Marino, R. C. Pooser, and P. D. Lett, “Entangled images from four-wave mixing,” Science 321, 544–547 (2008). [CrossRef]
  27. A. M. Marino, V. Boyer, and P. D. Lett, “Violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality in the macroscopic regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233601 (2008). [CrossRef]
  28. T. Takano, M. Fuyama, R. Namiki, and Y. Takahashi, “Spin squeezing of a cold atomic ensemble with the nuclear spin of one-half,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 033601 (2009). [CrossRef]
  29. M.-J. Lu, F. Jose, and J. D. Weinstein, “Stopped light with a cryogenic ensemble of Yb173 atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 061802 (2010). [CrossRef]
  30. D. Meiser, J. Ye, D. R. Carlson, and M. J. Holland, “Prospects for a millihertz-linewidth laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 163601 (2009). [CrossRef]
  31. D. Das, S. Barthwal, A. Banerjee, and V. Natarajan, “Absolute frequency measurements in Yb with 0.08 ppb uncertainty: isotope shifts and hyperfine structure in the 399 nm S01→P11 line,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 032506 (2005). [CrossRef]
  32. T. Hong, A. V. Gorshkov, D. Patterson, A. S. Zibrov, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, and M. G. Prentiss, “Realization of coherent optically dense media via buffer-gas cooling,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 013806 (2009). [CrossRef]
  33. M.-J. Lu and J. D. Weinstein, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with nuclear spin,” Opt. Lett. 35, 622–624 (2010). [CrossRef]
  34. Y.-Q. Li, P. J. Edwards, X. Huang, and Y. Wang, “Violation of a classical Cauchy-Schwarz inequality in photon noise spectra,” J. Opt. B 2, 292–298 (2000). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited